How to make water supply in the country from the well with your own hands: we carry water into the house
Is the well located directly on the garden a source of water for your home? Agree, it would be great to equip an autonomous water supply, so as not to walk with a bucket several times a day. Or have you already thought about how to equip the water supply system at the cottage from the well yourself, but do not have the necessary experience and do not know where to start?
We will tell you how to bring water into the house and what you need for this. In our article, the basic schemes for organizing automatic water supply from a well are given; the process of implementing such schemes is phasedly reviewed.
With the help of a pumping station and modern building materials, you can try to build a plumbing system yourself. To help with the description, we gave step-by-step photos detailing each of the stages, recommendations for maintaining the water supply and useful videos about the rules for doing work on our own.
The content of the article:
- Benefits of Autonomous Water Supply
- Scheme of country well water supply
- Choosing a way to supply water to the house
- Water supply for seasonal operation
- Instructions for water supply
- Water service rules
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Benefits of Autonomous Water Supply
Residents of megacities, not perplexed by the problem of private water supply, may be surprised to learn that the well water supply system has many advantages.
The largest is contained as a liquid. It has almost spring purity - its composition is completely free of such harmful impurities as chlorine or rust.
The second plus concerns saving the family budget - you freely use natural resources without monthly paying receipts.
And another nice bonus is the control over the system. For example, you can independently adjust the pressure or lay pipelines to a garden plot or flower garden.
Many doubt the feasibility of installing a water supply system from a well to a house, citing the fact that well water system would be much more effective.
Perhaps, but having strong in the country territory, deep well with a sufficient water level, there is no need to drill a well for the following reasons:
- execution of permits for an artesian category well, designing and drilling work take a lot of time;
- the cost is high and far from all suits (about 130 thousand rubles per well up to 30 m);
- arrangement of the well system is a little easier (especially the summer version);
- the presence of a well does not require permits from state authorities.
If you need minor repairs or cleaning from silting, it will take much less money and effort than to clean the well.
In case of temporary power outages, there is always a backup option - a bucket on a rope or a special lifting mechanism (a narrow wellbore does not allow the use of improvised devices).
There are a number of difficulties, but they are solvable. For example, an old wooden structure becomes unusable over time - it is better to replace it with concrete rings.
If the structure has lost its tightness and passes inside the water conduit and domestic wastewater, it is necessary to overhaul the seams on both sides, internal and external.
Scheme of country well water supply
To present the scope of work, we will analyze the autonomous water supply scheme throughout - from the source to the points of water use.
The main mechanism for pumping water is submersible or surface pump. The submersible version is at a sufficient depth, but not at the very bottom (no closer than 50 cm).
It is suspended on a strong cable, to which an electric cable is attached. In addition to the electric wire, a pipe is connected to the pump through which water enters the house.
Inside the apartment house, wiring is installed so that water flows to various points. The "heart" of the system is the boiler room, where usually install a hydraulic accumulator and a heating boiler.
The hydraulic accumulator controls the pressure of the water, with the help of a relay produces a pressure balance and protects the structure from water hammer. The indicators can be monitored by a manometer. For preservation, a drain valve is provided, mounted at the lowest point.
Communications leave from the broiler to the points of water intake - to the kitchen, shower, etc. In buildings with permanent residence, a heating boiler is installed to heat water for use and a heating system.
There are many options for constructing schemes, their assembly depends on the needs of homeowners. Having drawn up a diagram, it is easy to calculate the cost of technical equipment and building material.
Choosing a way to supply water to the house
The choice of equipment for delivering water from a source to a consumer depends on many factors, for example, the number of residents, points of draw-off, or the needs of owners.
Suppose a resident family with a small child spends much more water than a pair of senior citizens. After analyzing the situation, choose either a conventional pump or a pumping station.
Which pump to prefer?
There are two types of pumps: submersible and superficial. The factor that plays a major role in the selection is the depth of the water in the well. For a shallow reservoir, a surface mechanism is appropriate.
The area of its action is up to 6-8 m (less often - up to 10 m). The equipment is placed on the surface. Sometimes, in order to increase the depth of absorption, an ejector is equipped.
An example of a surface centrifugal pump is a budget domestic model of the brand "Vortex". It is not suitable for servicing a residential building, but it is quite suitable for water supply to summer residents who come on weekends or on vacation.
Models of this type are most often used for watering a garden or a garden. This pump is ideal for shallow wells with slow recovery. More powerful units are capable of delivering 3 thousand l / h.
If you plan to equip a more serious system, pay attention to submersible pumps. They have high performance, produce less noise and save energy.
The power of the submersible device directly depends on the depth of immersion. Well models have a low cost, an average of 2-3 thousand rubles, but can be found even cheaper - for 1500 rubles., For example, Olsa Rucheek.
Available brands are quite popular, powerful enough, easy to repair and replace, for example:
- QUATTRO ELEMENTI;
- Olsa Rucheek;
Inexpensive submersible models have an average output of up to 1,500 l / h. For a small country house, a pump is suitable BISON NPV-240 or any analogue thereof.
The maximum productivity is 24 l / min, this is enough to ensure uninterrupted supply of several points of drawdown.
The maximum height is 60 m, that is, the pressure will be enough to deliver the liquid from great depths to the second floor or to the attic. BISON is equipped with a top fitting, which means it is protected from accidental collection of bottom sediment.
Submersible models easily "digest" mechanical particles up to 2 mm in diameter, and if necessary, can serve as drainage equipment.
To protect the water supply system, together with the pumps, control devices are installed - manometers and pressure switches.
Another device - a dry-running sensor - protects the mechanism by stopping its operation when the water level drops or the pipes leak.
When choosing a pump, do not forget to read the specifications and installation instructions - the technical information will help you decide whether the model meets your requirements.
Advantages of pumping stations
If you do not want to constantly turn on and off the equipment and depend on power surges, instead of a pump, get pumping station - the unit for those who like comfort and stability.
Accumulator (also damper or water tank) provides a constant presence of water in the network, and additional devices control the pressure and perform a standby or emergency shutdown.
It is better to install the pump station in the basement, basement, utility room - this makes it easy to connect to a source of electricity and frees from laying the electric main.
If it is necessary to pull the cables over a long distance, three-core copper wires with a cross section of one and a half millimeters are used.
The cables closed in a polymeric corrugation are buried at a depth below the level of seasonal freezing. To protect them from accidental damage, they are covered with sand and gravel.
If there are residential premises in the immediate vicinity, choose a model with a minimum noise level when purchasing. The water supply through the pipes to the tank is controlled by a pressure switch.
The device works in such a way that even with an unexpected power failure, a reserve of about 1/3 of the tank is created.
When choosing a particular brand, pay attention to the following characteristics:
- power - 250-1400 W;
- performance - 1500-4000 l / h;
- depth - from 8 m to 50 m;
- volume damper tank (60-80 l).
Economical options include the Whirlwind, Belamos, Aquareobot brands, and the average level household stations - Gardena, Jumbo, the most expensive and high-quality are Wilo, Karcher, Grundfos.
Before you install the water supply from the well, try to purchase a maximum of protective mechanisms and devices.
For example, filters protect against clogging, and protection relays protect against overload. The automation unit regulates the operation of the station as a whole, and check valve allows water to move in only one direction,
In order for the unit not to be knocked out irregularly from the mains, do not forget about the voltage stabilizer.
Water supply for seasonal operation
In a house for permanent residence, the installation of a water pipe from a well into a house with its own hands should be performed taking into account many technical requirements. For example, pipes need to be buried in soil to a depth exceeding the depth of freezing.
If this requirement is not met, with the first frost, the water supply system to the house will fail. For thermal insulation use multilayer pipes, traditional heaters, for example, mineral wool set + geotextiles.
Everything changes dramatically if most of the year the system is in conservation. Arriving for several weeks, you install a pump with a flexible hose and connect it to the internal wiring.
Thermal insulation is not needed, since even in the northern regions the summer temperature does not fall below 0 ° C.
It is important to provide a device responsible for draining water during departure. Most often, this is a simple drain valve, which is mounted near the check valve, at the bottom of the horizontal pipe. If water is not drained, it will freeze and destroy communications.
For those who need water to irrigate the garden and summer shower, it’s even easier: it’s enough to attach a prefabricated pipe and hose construction to the pump. The points of analysis can be installed in any convenient place for use: in the garden, in the garden, on the lawn near the house.
Before leaving, the structure is dismantled, dried and, together with the pump, removed to the back room until the next warm season.
Instructions for water supply
In order for the system to work productively, smoothly and not require frequent replacement of elements, it is necessary to think through each stage during installation. Let's try to figure out what you need to pay special attention to.
Stage # 1 - determine the requirements for the state of the well
Water supply in the simplest version, using a pump and a hose, can be arranged from any well - concrete, wooden, assembled from rubber tires. A stable system that has been operating for years will require serious preparation.
Suppose in the country well of concrete rings - The most popular option, which many choose because of the affordable cost and convenient installation method.
First you need to carry out the following activities:
- seal the seams;
- provide external protection - drainage and thermal insulation;
- equip the bottom filter.
For external sealing use roll materials, deep impregnation and concrete mix, for the internal - water glass. To seal the connecting part of the rings, use ropes made of natural materials or a self-adhesive tape Rubber elast.
To prevent the displacement of the rings under the action of frozen, increasing in winter in the volume of soil, the upper part (at least 2 m) is dug, wrapped with a dense waterproof film or geotextile.
Then the mine is surrounded outside heat insulating materialthen the trench around the well is covered with a thick layer of sand (40-50 cm) and a clay castle is built.
To protect against siltation, a bottom filter is arranged, which should stabilize the base, but allow water to pass through.
We recommend using Dornite - durable geosynthetic material, which is covered with a layer of rubble (10-15 cm) for reliability. The edges of the material are fixed around the circumference with steel galvanized tape on the dowels.
Stage # 2 - find out the nuances of laying pipes
Cast iron and ceramic products are a thing of the past, the water pipe is easiest to build from lightweight and wear-resistant polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (HDPE) pipes for external use.
Both varieties tolerate temperature extremes, flexible enough to withstand mechanical stress. You can connect them together with a welding machine or fittings.
Recommendations for choosing a diameter:
- 25 mm cross section is used exclusively on short pipeline branches, maximum 10 m;
- for 30-meter communications, products with a diameter of 32 mm are suitable;
- if the line exceeds 30 m in length, a 38 mm cross-section must be used.
Given the additional pressure produced by the pump, pipes with a diameter of less than 32 mm are not used at all.
The pipe laying procedure is as follows:
- tear out trenches (the depth depends on the level of seasonal freezing of soil, typical for the region, plus 30 cm);
- at the bottom we arrange a dense sand cushion at least 20-30 cm thick;
- we lay pipes, connect to the source and pump;
- we are testing - supply for 1-2 hours under pressure and without it;
- make sand backfill - 15-20 cm;
- we fill trenches with soil, we level.
When laying the pipeline above the level of seasonal freezing, a heating cable is used. Automation for adjusting and turning off the power should be separate (4-5 A).
At the same time, we monitor the slope of the highway - it should be the opposite, that is, directed towards the well. Thanks to him, in case of conservation, the water is drained.
Stage # 3 - carry out internal wiring
Installation of internal pipes can be done in two ways: sequential and collector. The first is suitable for homes with little simultaneous use of parsing points.
Branches go to the taps from the main pipe, and if you use immediately 2-3 points, the pressure will weaken. With the collector method, each point of use is equipped with a separate supply, so the pressure level remains the same.
The start of the wiring is in the sleeve laid in the foundation of the house where the external highway is introduced, a stopcock is also installed here. Next, the pipe leads to the accumulator.
The pressure gauge is connected with a brass fitting, it is also used to install a pressure switch. The filters must be fixed together with the fitting. If a pump supplies water instead of the pumping station, a storage tank must be installed.
Water service rules
A properly installed system rarely fails, but preventive maintenance and inspections can prevent some damage.
To do this, we recommend paying attention to the following system elements:
- pump - monitor the operation of the pump, clean it in time and replace consumables, for example, rubber gaskets;
- sealing - when changing the composition of the water, check the sealing of the well (surface water may enter);
- pressure - monitor the pressure in the system (the norm is from 2.5 to 4 atmospheres);
- filters - use filters that purify water from large particles and impurities, thereby preventing mechanical damage to equipment.
Automation of the process will allow you to control the system even in your absence. In the event of a sharp change in pressure or emergency drying of the source, an activated relay will stop the station.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
The videos will help you decide on the choice of technical equipment and how to install the water supply.
Water supply systems from a well and heating based on a condensing boiler:
How to choose and assemble a pump station with your own hands:
How to make water supply in the country with your own hands (equipment inside the house):
Recommendations are provided for reference, the process of the plumbing device is described in general terms. To draw up an individual project, it is necessary to rely on specific data, and the choice of equipment should be done only after studying the instructions.
After reading the material, questions arose about how to equip the water supply from the well? Please post them in the comments on this article. You can also share with our readers your own experience in arranging a water supply system in the country or its use.