Verification period for cold and hot water meters: verification intervals and rules for their implementation
Among various items of expenditures in the family budget, the payment of housing and communal services for many Russians remains one of the most significant. Therefore, in order not to pay too high standards and save a little, everywhere in apartments and cottages installation of water meters is now being made, which should be regularly checked.
Be sure to observe the deadline for checking the cold and hot water meters - this will allow you to identify problems in their work on time.
In this article, we will tell you how to check water meters, about calibration intervals, as well as what users expect for failure to meet deadlines.
The content of the article:
Legislative regulation of verifications
All issues of installation, inspection and commissioning of in-house water meters are regulated by the RF Government Decree No. 354 of 05/06/2011 with the latest amendments. According to him, only the owner of the housing is responsible for the performance of the water meters in the apartment.
Any measuring device does not last forever. Gradually, the accuracy of his measurements begins to fall. And it doesn’t matter here - a household appliance is a meter, a common house apparatus or laboratory equipment.
In all cases, under current Russian legislation, such technical equipment is subject to certification and regular verification (testing) of correct operation.
The decrease in measurement accuracy in water meters is due to:
- breakdowns and wear of internal elements - impeller and counting mechanism;
- poor quality water with a high content of salts and metals;
- ingress of contaminants into the pipes - sand, rust, etc .;
- damage to the device as a result of external mechanical influences;
- drying mechanisms inside due to prolonged shutdown of water supply;
- use in the manufacture of the device of low-quality or defective parts.
There are many factors that influence the accuracy of measurements. Even the presence of a magnet near the counter affects the correctness of its functioning. However, the law requires verification only after the expiration of the intertesting life of the water meter established by the manufacturer.
At the same time, if the water meter completely stopped working, has cracks in the body or leaks, then it should be replaced immediately. It is impossible to wait until the next test according to the technical passport.
If a master comes from the housing office and sees a broken accounting device, then fines and accruals in receipts will follow not by the fact of consumption, but by the standards.
The manufacturer of the water meter sets the calibration interval. The law regulates only the requirement of serviceability of the meter. While it is working, the calculation of the consumed water goes along it.
But if the meter is broken or the time period indicated in the data sheet has expired from the last test, then the managing company or the HOA will start charging for the resource according to the standards.
The consumption rate for hot water supply in the Russian Federation is set at 4.75, and cold - 6.93 cubic meters per person / month. But in reality, everyone living in an apartment usually consumes about 1-3 cubic meters of hot and cold water combined during the indicated period.
The actual overpayment at the tariff is ultimately obtained two to three times. And so every month. There are reasons for installing the meter and maintaining it in good condition.
Water Meter Test Algorithm
In order to calculate water consumption by the meter, it is necessary to put it into operation. That is, the relevant act from the employee of the utility company should be on hand. Without this document, the readings of the device are not taken into account, the calculation is according to the standards.
When approaching the verification period should:
- Submit an application for removal of the water meter to the organization serving the apartment.
- After dismantling the device, give it for testing to a specialized company that has the appropriate license.
- In a day or two, get the certificate of verification and serviceability of the verified water meter, as well as the meter itself back.
- Again, apply to the Housing Office for the installation of the meter and obtain from the plumber an act on the commissioning of the meter.
- Transfer copies of both documents to the service company.
After that, the calculation of water consumption starts again on the meter.
The nuances of the procedure
First important point - installation and dismantling of meters can be carried out independently or by inviting specialists from a third-party organization (not from the Housing Office).
The law establishes only the need to obtain an act of input, which is exclusively entitled to be signed by a representative of the organization managing the house.
Another particularly interesting nuance - water consumption on the days when calibration takes place. After removing the water meter, a hose is installed in its place. And the calculation for the days when the verification was carried out will be conducted according to the standards.
After the water meter will be installed by the housing office employee and the relevant document issued, its testimonies will again be taken into account when generating bills for water consumption.
In practice, usually everything looks as follows: the homeowner takes the meter and gives it for verification, and then on installation and sealing invites an employee of the management company to obtain the desired act.
Or the device simply changes without any checks to a new one, and then the ZhEK employee is called to sign the same act.
Checking the water meter at home
In addition to transferring the water meter for testing to a specialized company, it can also be trusted directly in the apartment. Similar tests are carried out on special compact equipment that the performer brings with him.
If you give the meter to the company for verification, then such a test will cost 1.5–2 times cheaper. For a call to a specialist you will have to pay extra money.
The cost of verification in different Russian cities ranges from 500–2000 rubles. Plus money for dismantling and reinstalling the meter in place. In this case, the call of the Zhekovsky master to sign the act of commissioning should be free. If the Housing Office requires money for this procedure, then it is illegal.
However, the new household appliance itself water meter It costs about 500-1000 rubles in the store. If the model is electronic with automatic data transfer to the management company, then it will cost more. But an ordinary mechanical water meter costs just in the region of five thousand rubles.
About how the verification of meters at home, read in this stuff.
Therefore, many homeowners, when approaching the timing of verification, often simply change the measuring device to a new one without any double-checking on the accuracy of measurements. So, often, it’s cheaper.
Counter verification intervals
The calibration frequency for each water meter is set by the manufacturer independently. To do this, he makes a certain set of tests and coordinates everything in the State Standard of the Russian Federation.
On sale there are meters with an intertesting period of 4 years and 10-15 years. When choosing a meter, this figure in the technical passport should be looked at. The longer the time period is indicated there, the less often you will have to check and, if necessary, change the measuring equipment.
When buying a water meter, it is extremely important to watch when it has been calibrated. Initially, it is made by the manufacturer of the metering device at the factory. All subsequent tests should also be included in the device passport.
If you take and install a counter with almost expired intertesting period, then it will soon have to be changed again. And this again is the cost of the device and installation work.
Consequences in case of violation of the deadlines
Do not initially wait for the end of this period. It is better to carry out verification in a month or two and not to worry about large charges in receipts for cold and hot water supply. At the same time, one must also remember about water disposal, it is also calculated by the volume of water consumed.
If the meter verification period has expired, then water consumption is calculated by:
- the average water consumption of an apartment over the past six months;
- established norms of water consumption per person;
- the number of people living in the apartment.
According to the law, when the owner of the housing stops supplying data from the water meter, the managing organization has no right to charge according to the standards for three months.
The state provides for this three-month period in case of temporary problems with the payer with money or banal non-consumption of water for a couple of months. If the data feed starts again, then the receipt simply recalculates everything.
But after three months of lack of data from the meter, the management company has every right to start charging according to average standards.
If you are leaving home for three months or more, it is recommended that you notify the housing office about it and cut off the water supply. Otherwise, an unpleasant surprise in the form of a receipt for housing services may await you upon your return.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Checking water meters - what to look for:
Checking the water meter - what is it and why:
How is verification at home:
You must always fulfill your obligations. The regular calibration of water meters is one of such obligations of the owner of the housing connected to the water supply.
If the trials are delayed, specially or simply forgetting about them, then penalties from the management company will inevitably follow. According to the law, they will be completely right, it is not worth pulling with a check.
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