Equipment for cleaning ventilation: varieties + how to choose the best on the market
The purpose of the ventilation system is to provide a comfortable atmosphere in the room. She is responsible for supplying clean air and removing exhaust air masses.
Over time, ventilation ducts and appliances become clogged and cannot function normally. In this case, it is necessary to get rid of accumulated deposits using special equipment for cleaning ventilation in the room. Timely service will extend the service life and increase the efficiency of ductwork.
We will understand when it is necessary to clean the ventilation, describe the effective technologies and features of the use of different equipment. In addition, we list the most popular manufacturers of equipment for servicing ventilation systems.
The content of the article:
- Basic ventilation functions
- Features of the ventilation system
- Technologies and methods of service
- Types of equipment for servicing the ventilation system
- Popular treatment plants
- Equipment selection: attention to the manufacturer
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Basic ventilation functions
It is important to have an idea of the purpose of the ventilation system, as well as to imagine what parameters and characteristics it has.
Ventilation located in the room performs a number of functions:
- Evacuation of waste, polluted air and the arrival of a new one from the street. In some situations, purification, ionization, cooling and heating of the air mass occurs.
- Various impurities and odors are removed from the room. This favorably affects the well-being and performance of people in the room.
The air exchange system is able to fully cope with its functions when it is perfectly clean. For these purposes, regular cleaning is necessary. It will increase the efficiency of the equipment and eliminate the possible occurrence of allergic reactions in people due to the accumulation of dust and various impurities.
Features of the ventilation system
Not only dust but also microbes, allergens, molds, fungal spores leave through ventilation ducts. Over time, they settle on the inside of the ventilation, from where they spread throughout the room. In addition, the dusty network is a conductor of fire and a source of suffocating burning in case of fire.
Why is ventilation duct cleaning necessary?
Timely cleaning of the channels helps to purify the air, regulates the moisture index and prevents the development of the fungus and the appearance of black mold. And also it allows you to create ideal microclimatic conditions in the room and deal with the problems of the engineering system.
In addition, cleaning ensures compliance with fire safety regulations. If dust and grease deposits are observed in the ventilation ducts, a fire may form if a small spark occurs in the duct. Moreover, the spread of fire will be fast.
Cleaning the ducts allows you to comply with sanitary standards, the compliance with which determines the well-being and health of each person. Timely service of ventilation ducts will provide a favorable atmosphere and a comfortable microclimate in the room.
This is important both in residential premises and in the workplace, where people spend a lot of time.
Ventilation is a necessary element of residential, industrial, commercial and warehouse. If you do not take into account technical features, the ventilation system is conditionally divided into 2 types: natural and forced. Each of them needs constant cleaning.
It is carried out as the ventilation ducts become contaminated or periodically as a preventive measure. In the second case, the procedures are independent of the degree of contamination.
This option is more optimal, as it guarantees effective and long-term operation of ventilation. It will also provide a comfortable atmosphere in the room, while the ventilation system will fully perform its functions.
If all elements of the ventilation system are serviced regularly, the room will have perfectly clean air. A favorable microclimate has a positive effect on the health of people who live or work indoors.
The main signs of pollution
Cleaning the ventilation system in the apartment must be carried out regularly. Otherwise, dirt, dust and various deposits begin to circulate around the room with air currents, causing harm to human health.
A number of signs indicate the need for cleaning:
- dust and cobwebs constantly gather around the grate;
- it is stuffy in the room, although this has not been observed before;
- the day after cleaning the apartment, dust accumulates on the floor.
To check system performance in a small room, you can use the visual method, smoke or an open flame. With insufficient traction, clean.
To assess the condition of ventilation systems of large areas, special devices are used.
Technologies and methods of service
The ventilation system circulates the air from the room and back. Universal equipment eliminates dirt and dust, allows you to keep the room clean.Air purification should be carried out both at the plants with the help of industrial plants, and in residential buildings.
An air purification system can solve various problems. Some of them are designed to get rid of part of the dust, others are designed to fight fats and fumes. On the inner walls of the equipment, various deposits are observed, depending on which they use the optimal option for carrying out maintenance work.
Mechanical maintenance method
The cleaning procedure involves the use of special equipment - a vacuum cleaner, a brush machine or a robot equipped with a video camera and special brushes. The mechanical method is characterized by high speed and efficiency, however, it is not suitable for removing fatty deposits.
Its main advantage is safety for people working or living indoors. By effectively removing contaminants from the walls of the duct, the equipment does not damage the elements of the ventilation system.
Chemical cleaning method
Using mechanical means, it is not always possible to get rid of strong pollution. In the kitchens of public institutions often have to apply dry cleaning of ducts. This is necessary if there is a significant load on the ventilation system or the owner of the room does not comply with the standards for cleaning equipment.
Cleaning is carried out by spraying special chemicals through the duct.
The chemical method is the fastest and most effective. It requires prior preparation, as the cleaning products used are toxic.
Other options for the procedure
The combined cleaning method is also called wet. It involves the use of chemical and mechanical cleaning methods, which are carried out in turn. The advantages of the method are high efficiency.
Among the disadvantages of this method of service work:
- fairly high cost;
- its implementation requires a lot of time.
Another expensive cleaning option is cryogenic blasting. It involves the use of dry ice or soda.
The substance used through compressed air enters the ventilation at high speed, where it crashes into contaminated walls. As a result of this, microexplosion occurs, effectively destroying plaque on the inner surface of the ventilation duct.
Lack of blasting - the procedure requires sealing the system and a lot of time. But this method allows you to effectively deal with deposits on the walls.
More often in practice use mechanical or combined cleaning. These methods allow you to remove deposits of greasy deposits and dust from the inner walls of the ventilation system. Other methods are relevant in the presence of complex contaminants, which can not cope with simple means.
Types of equipment for servicing the ventilation system
Dust, dirt, grease and fungal accumulations accumulated inside the ventilation system are not always easily separated from the walls. This usually requires the skills of professionals and special equipment.
There are several types of equipment for servicing the ventilation system: diagnostic and cleaning.
First, with the help of a diagnostic device, the state of ventilation ducts is assessed.Based on the diagnostic results, materials and suitable equipment are selected.
In order for cleaning of the ventilation system to be effective, it is necessary to use exclusively equipment that is specifically designed to solve a specific problem. Depending on the purpose of use, it can be widely used (household) or professional.
Conventional ventilation cleaning equipment includes brush sets, filter ventilation mobile units, and replaceable filters.
A professional solution to the problem of ventilation pollution involves a thorough inspection of the ventilation system with special devices to identify the degree of pollution and to identify the most problematic areas.
Professional equipment for cleaning ventilation ducts includes a video camera that is mounted on a small moving platform. Its task is to transmit a signal from the ventilation system. Professional devices allow you to perform a video inspection of ventilation to find out the degree of contamination.
Cleaning companies that specialize in working with air ducts use special equipment. It allows you to diagnose the degree of contamination and conduct operational cleaning of ventilation ducts.
One of the main advantages of the work of specialized cleaning organizations is that during the cleaning of ventilation, people who work or live indoors do not feel discomfort.
When choosing equipment, it should be taken into account at which objects the ventilation system is located:
- in apartment buildings or in private suburban buildings;
- at public catering facilities (restaurants, cafes, canteens, bars, bakeries);
- in public and commercial buildings (shopping centers, offices, medical facilities);
- industrial premises.
For work on cleaning the ventilation system at industrial enterprises, in most cases they use cleaning robots equipped with video cameras and special brushes. The feasibility of using this equipment depends on the degree of contamination of the ventilation duct.
Popular treatment plants
To carry out work on cleaning the ventilation system, it is necessary to use special equipment. It should effectively remove mud deposits from the inner walls of the channels and eliminate them from the room duct system.
For these purposes, equipment is used:
- powerful industrial vacuum cleaners;
- pneumatic brush installations;
- electromechanical units;
- vacuum apparatuses;
- purification devices equipped with filters;
- chemical cleaning equipment and sprayers;
- blaster for dry ice.
The listed equipment is used for different cleaning methods and is usually available from professional ventilation service technicians.
Before starting the service, a system analysis is carried out and preparatory procedures are carried out. Then, specialists come to the site with a set of necessary equipment and supplies.
Vacuum cleaner. One of the most popular treatment units is a ventilation unit with high negative pressure. The device is connected to the outlet of the ventilation system. After turning on the unit, it begins to effectively absorb dirt that has separated from the walls during the cleaning process.
The vacuum cleaner is designed for cleaning operations that require the creation of a powerful air stream.This is necessary in ventilation systems, characterized by a large extent. The equipment removes dust, dirt and residual products used in the work from the system.
The vacuum unit is equipped with a powerful engine that can withstand the influence of the environment. It is equipped with a pocket and HEPA filter with a high degree of purification. This allows you to efficiently and quickly clean the air of dust, microorganisms, mold, spores of fungi, sawdust, asbestos, quartz and mineral wool.
Brushing machine. It is used in the mechanical version of the ventilation system service. This machine, located on a moving platform, is placed in a dirty duct. It removes dirty plaque of dust from the walls and is not designed for fat deposits, which quickly clog brush fibers.
The equipment is equipped with a rotating brush that performs mechanical cleaning of the inner walls of the duct. It can be used effectively for rectangular, round or vertical ventilation ducts.
Flexible shafts. They allow you to get to the most inaccessible places: gratings, valves, pipes and layering of the main channels. Instruments are widely used for cleaning mines of apartment buildings.
For independent service of air channels, flexible shafts are used that are attached to a rotation source (drill or screwdriver).
Blaster. Innovative equipment is used in the blasting procedure. The device provides gentle cleaning of the internal surfaces of the ventilation from dirt.
It is a modern unit for supplying dry ice and a diffuser to the ventilation system. The abrasive is blasted at high pressure, and the process is identical to sandblasting.
In addition to appliances, the market presents special chemicals and sprays that destroy deposits accumulated on the inner walls of the ventilation system. Effective preparations are widely used for chemical and combined cleaning methods. They are especially in demand in the industries and in the kitchens of catering establishments.
Means are applied using a special spray on the inside of the ducts. Active components effectively break down body fat and dirt, after which they are easily washed off the walls.
Separately, mention should be made of equipment for television inspection and video diagnostics. It is intended for examinations and diagnostics of the technical condition of vencanals.
Video research allows you to see through the camera and monitor what is happening inside the duct.
Depending on the purpose and dimensions of the duct, different inspection equipment is used to diagnose the degree of contamination. It is portable, self-propelled, pushed and floating.
Equipment selection: attention to the manufacturer
According to the law, ventilation systems must be cleaned at least once a year. This will ensure a normal level of fire safety at food industry enterprises and in buildings where dirt and flammable materials accumulate.
Every 5 years it is necessary to check the condition of the duct in a hotel, restaurant, medical and correctional facilities.
The indoor climate and the safety of people depend on the efficient operation of the ventilation duct. Intelligent system operation consists in regular cleaning of the duct. When choosing the optimal equipment for cleaning ventilation, you should pay attention to the reliability of manufacturers.
The best installations for cleaning ventilation from pollution are presented on the market by European manufacturers. Market leaders offering a wide range of products are companies Goodway (USA), Pressovac and Airpower (Finland).
The equipment is of high quality and excellent performance. Less products - high cost.
Models of a domestic manufacturer
A significant part of consumers opt for cleaning equipment manufactured in Russia. It is much cheaper, although the quality of the equipment is impeccable.
When buying Russian equipment for cleaning ventilation, it is better to dwell on large manufacturers who offer high-quality world-class equipment. In demand products Equipment Professionals LLC, LLC "Probat Rus".
Not always cleaning the duct helps to solve the problem, sometimes repairs are required - detailed information on the restoration of the ventilation system is given in the articles:
- Repair of ventilation systems: analysis of popular malfunctions and methods for their elimination
- Ventilation restoration: causes of reduced efficiency and duct restoration
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Video # 1: Comprehensive cleaning of the ventilation shaft. The maintenance process consists of three phases: diagnosis, cleaning and disinfection.
Video # 2: Service the ventilation system using a robot.
Video # 3: Technology cleaning the duct with a flexible shaft.
According to studies, about 40% of the pollution gets into the room due to poor-quality ventilation system. This is due to the untimely replacement of filters and the accumulation of dirt, grease and harmful substances on the inner walls of the duct.
With the help of the service with cleaning equipment, clean air will begin to flow into the building and the optimum humidity level will be established.
Have experience cleaning ventilation in an apartment or private house? Please share information with our readers, suggest your own way to solve the problem. You can leave comments in the form below.