How to choose an air conditioner: recommendations for choosing + TOP-5 of the best brands
Installation of air conditioning in the apartment significantly increases comfort. This is true not only for residents of the southern regions, but also northerners, who are more likely to endure summer heat. Agree, it’s nice to plunge into the home coolness when there is unbearable heat on the street.
A well-chosen air conditioner cools or heats the air in the room, and some models can dry it slightly or make it more humid. The control of the device is so simple that a child can handle it.
It remains to figure out how to choose an air conditioner for your home. In the article we will talk about the types and capabilities of modern models, their functions and technical characteristics. And at the end, we will present the best brands specializing in climate technology.
The content of the article:
- Classification of air conditioners for home
- Basic and additional operating modes
- Technical Overview
- TOP 5 popular brands
Classification of air conditioners for home
The variety of cooling equipment in the domestic market is simply huge: you can find a compact device for servicing a small room or a powerful multisystem for a spacious country house.
To make it easier to navigate this selection of models when choosing, first we will introduce you to all the relevant types.
# 1 - by design
According to the design features, all air conditioners are divided into monoblock and two-block. The second is the well-known, most popular for home use split systems.
The difference can be determined by the names of the categories: monoblocks consist of one block, two-block ones - of two, internal and external.
The advantages of a monoblock include a simple independent installation and a relatively low cost. Cons - loud noise, limited performance and potential difficulties with the installation of the duct.
Monoblock devices are rarely bought for urban apartments or private houses due to the listed minuses, much more often - for offices or small industrial premises.
The compressor is paired with a condenser located in the outdoor unit, the evaporator in the indoor unit. Both modules are connected by copper tubes to the circulating refrigerant.
There are models with one outdoor unit and several indoor units - these are multisystems. Their attractiveness is that they can serve several rooms at once. Such configurations are often used in the improvement of cottages.
If you have a standard city apartment, then we recommend a compact but productive split system with one internal module. This option works relatively quietly and efficiently in several modes, it saves energy. In the market you can find a model for any budget.
There are also drawbacks - it will be necessary to involve specialists in the installation, it is rather difficult to install both units independently and to connect them together. The second minus the technical - not all models are able to work at very low street temperatures.
# 2 - by installation method
And split systems, and monoblock designs are different in terms of installation.
Monoblocks are divided into 2 types: window and outdoor. The first set in the window opening, adjusting the frame to size. If you have new expensive windows, it is better to abandon such a design.
Floor put on the floor, but with some conditions:
- location - by the window;
- a hole is provided in the window for the outlet of the duct;
- flooring tolerates high humidity.
An important nuance: the corrugated pipe outlet must be airtight. If it is placed in an ajar sash, the efficiency of the air conditioner will be low.
If you often move from place to place and like the cool, floor-mounted monoblock air conditioners are the most suitable option.
There are much more types of split systems:
- wall mounted;
- floor and ceiling;
- cassette tapes.
About 85% of home appliances sold in specialized chain stores wall split systems.
They are distinguished by a simple design, intuitive controls, nice design of the internal module.
Floor and ceiling units are more powerful and designed to service spacious rooms - shopping centers, offices, halls. They are good for spaces with glass walls, as the blocks can be mounted on the ceiling or on the floor.
Cassette Models for the house are used in very rare cases, but in establishments designed to accommodate a large number of people, they are often found.
Channel air conditioners also masked by pendant designs. Home systems are characterized by a smaller length and noise, industrial systems - by large sizes, performance and power.
Cassette or channel systems make sense to install in cottages with a large number of spacious rooms. For small city apartments, the best option is a wall split system.
# 3 - according to the principle of action
Another classification is based on the principle of operation of the control system, or more precisely, the compressor or inverter.
All air conditioners are divided into:
First group linear models, always "working" at maximum power. As soon as the set temperature is set in the room, the device simply turns off, and then, by the signal of the temperature sensors, turns on again. This happens all the time.
As a result, temperature differences are observed, and sometimes it is very noticeable.
Inverter air conditioners switch gradually, smoothly. This is due to the operation of the inverter, which alternately converts alternating current to direct and vice versa. Thanks to this, productivity changes, and after it, energy consumption. As a result, inverter models spend less energy.
Advantages of inverter units:
- constant maintenance of a certain temperature regime;
- quick response to changing settings;
- higher energy efficiency - savings reach 50-60%;
- low noise.
It will take more money to buy an inverter model or repair it, but such models are ideal for children's rooms and bedrooms with increased requirements for silence and maximum comfort.
Basic and additional operating modes
The next nuance that must be discussed before buying is determining the list of necessary modes. The fact is that in addition to the main function - cooling the air in the room - the air conditioner can perform other tasks.
The most expensive multifunctional units are able to work in 5 modes:
Cooling - The main function that is present in all devices without exception. Thanks to it, the temperature in the air decreases to the specified settings, and then is maintained at the same level.
Heating - An additional function, and for most models it operates only in a certain range.
When the temperature in the street drops below a critical point - from -5 ° C to -15 ° C, depending on the manufacturer's standards - the device turns off the heating of the air.
Functions drainage and moisturizing not available to all models, so we recommend that you ask these features in advance. More often, the air in the living rooms is dry, so it would be much more advisable to buy a special device - a humidifier. It acts on a different principle and is more careful about the human respiratory system.
But the function venting many devices have. It creates circulation, helps to evenly distribute air throughout the room. As a result, warm air mixes with cold air, which is more favorable for the health of residents.
Versatility is good, but experimenting with modes is far from useful for everyone, so consult your doctor before buying a multifunctional device.
If you already know which type of air conditioner is more suitable for your home, and have decided on the budget, it will not be superfluous to look into the product data sheet to learn more about the technical characteristics. They are no less important than the number of modes or type of compressor.
Consider the parameters on which the power consumption and ease of use of the device depend: power, noise, energy efficiency, control method.
Parameter No. 1 - power and working area
On the power selection directly affects the area of the room. It is customary to carry out the calculation based on the ratio: to cool 1 m² of area, 100 W is required.
Therefore, for a 20-meter living room you need to buy a unit with a power of 2-2.2 kW. But do not forget that powerful devices emit a louder noise.
Large rooms require a more detailed calculation.
There are calculators that take into account such accompanying factors as:
- the presence of windows and the area of glazing;
- number of storeys, location of the apartment (angular, sunny side), ceiling height;
- average number of permanent residents;
- the presence of electric lamps and heaters - radiators, stoves, etc.
But for a standard room of 15-20 m², careful calculations are not required, usually averages are enough. Some manufacturers, in addition to capacity, indicate the recommended maximum floor area.
Parameter 2 - noise level of the indoor unit
The house always has appliances that produce various noises. For example, a refrigerator that turns on periodically and sometimes buzzes quite loudly. It is clear that an additional “loud” device is undesirable, therefore the noise level is one of the important parameters.
In inverter models, it is usually smaller. Some devices in the cooling mode produce a quiet and monotonous noise, not exceeding 20 dB. This is a great indicator, suitable for bedrooms and nurseries.
Unfortunately, manufacturers do not always provide reliable information. Sometimes in the technical passport you can find only the level that is characteristic for the operation of the device in the "night" mode. Before buying, we recommend looking for reviews of real users.
Parameter No. 3 - energy class
Ignoring the energy efficiency of the unit, you can get into a large amount in hot months when paying utility bills. It is better to immediately choose an economical device - and most likely, it will be inverter.
Energy efficiency is denoted by the letters A ... G. Economical ones are marked by A, and now almost all modern models correspond to this class. But it’s even better if the air conditioner you choose will be in A ++ or A +++ class.
Parameter 4 - availability of additional features
Consider what other useful additions there are in home air conditioners. But, before looking for a model with these features, decide if you need them so much. Each useful option increases the total cost of the device.
Night modeHe's a sleep mode. This is the ability of the air conditioner to operate at low power with minimal noise - ideal for a night's rest.
Timeradjusting the exact on / off time. A great addition, convenient for everyone - when you return home, you don’t have to wait for comfortable conditions; by your arrival the split system will cool the air to the set temperature.
3D stream - the ability to adjust the air flow in all directions.Traditionally designed blinds direct air only up / down, while with the 3D function, they additionally move left / right.
There are premium models directing chilled air to the remote control location. If you are sitting with the remote control on the sofa, the breeze will blow towards the sofa.
Turbo mode necessary for operational cooling. If you forget to set the timer, this function will come in handy - the device will turn on at full power and within a few minutes will change the indoor climate.
Self diagnosis - the ability of the device to independently detect malfunctions and report them to the consumer by displaying alphanumeric characters on a digital display.
Air cleaning It is made thanks to the filter system installed in the indoor unit. It can consist of one or several filters: the simplest devices are equipped with one that traps dust; in the more expensive, fine filters are installed that prevent even the passage of tiny particles and odors.
Filters require timely replacement, but they are not cheap, and here it is already worth choosing between air quality and economy.
Decide in advance whether you need these functions and do not forget: the more complex and functional the device, the more likely it is that one of the elements will fail.
TOP 5 popular brands
Due to the large number of manufacturers of household appliances, one or the other companies are becoming leaders. This is facilitated by worldwide fame, the popularity of budget lines, the regular appearance of new or improved models.
Our rating includes brands whose products received the most positive reviews from users and experts.
Brand # 1 - Mitsubishi Electric
Japanese company annually producing new series of climate technology.
Much attention is paid to split-systems for home use, not only introducing first-class technical developments, but also implementing great design solutions.
Appliances for the home, among which you can find all types by installation method, serve areas from 15 m² to 100 m². The noise level of the latest modifications is no higher than 19 dB.
We also recommend that you find out about error codes for Electrolux air conditioners. More details - go link.
Brand # 2 - Electrolux
Swedish manufacturer, constantly supplying the Russian market with new high-tech series. For example, the PROF AIR line is known for creating an ideal microenvironment in the room, as fresh and clean as possible. This is due to Pull & Clean technology.
All models are characterized by a high class of energy efficiency - up to A +++ in both main modes, quiet operation and additional features
Brand # 3 - Haier
The Chinese company, which has won the appreciation of even demanding maximum comfort and reliability of demanding European consumers.
Products are sold in more than 100 countries and are valued for their high performance and bold design.
The latest developments of the brand are especially attractive - wi-fi control units, models with a built-in ultraviolet lamp or the O2-Fresh option, which provides an influx of fresh air.
Brand # 4 - Ballu
The international concert has considerable capacities in Russia, so the latest developments in the field of climate technology can always be found on the market. Among household solutions are inverter and conventional split systems, multisystems, floor and mobile series.
No less popular are the multi-split systems Free Match, specially designed to serve large cottages. Quiet, productive and stylish, they are also suitable for cooling offices or hotels.
Brand # 5 - Samsung
The world famous South Korean company is famous for constantly introducing the latest technologies, which then become a model for other manufacturers.
For example, the latest models of air conditioners are released in a triangular design, which affects increasing efficiency and increasing cooling speed.
For people with increased sensitivity to dust, devices with filtration Ultra Wide PM 2.5 are created. The manufacturer claims that within 100 minutes, the air in the room is cleaned by 99%.
Practical tips for choosing an air conditioner:
Some important selection criteria:
As you can see, the range of air conditioners for the home is wide, and for the choice you need to provide for everything from technical nuances to the features of construction and design.
We suggest expanding the topic of the article and discussing various models - from our rating or others. If you use an air conditioner, please unsubscribe in the comments and tell us why your device is remarkable.
Share your stories of choosing a split system or monoblock for an apartment. Or maybe you bought a duct or cassette air conditioner for a country house? Your experience in choosing a model will be very useful to our readers.