Anti-scale for washing machines: how to use + a review of popular manufacturers

Evgenia Kravchenko
Checked by a specialist: Evgenia Kravchenko
Author: Oksana Chubukina
Last update: June 2019

Solid sediment on the internal elements of equipment often causes damage to household equipment. Antinakipin for washing machines will help to solve the problem - the tool quickly removes deposits from the heater and other parts.

Some food ingredients have a similar effect. To achieve the maximum effect, without harming the unit, you should choose a high-quality drug and strictly follow the instructions.

We will tell you which cleaner should be preferred - the article gives a rating of the most effective chemicals that have proven their effectiveness in practice. And adherents of folk methods will be able to choose for themselves a proven recipe from improvised means.

In addition, we will talk about the appropriateness and procedure for performing mechanical cleaning of the heating elements, and also indicate the preventive measures that should be followed when operating the washing machine to prevent scale formation on the operating units of the unit.

Causes and first signs of scale

The formation of sludge is a real scourge not only of washing machines, but also of all household appliances whose operation is based on heating running water. Hard deposits appear on the parts responsible for heating and evaporating the liquid. As a rule, TEN - a tubular electric heater copes with this task.

The probability and rate of clogging of the heating element depends on the quality of the incoming water, the temperature of the wash and the frequency of use of the unit. If the machine regularly works at 60 ° and above, then the salt deposit accumulates more intensively.

The first signs of excessive scale formation:

  • increased hum of the washing machine at the stage of heating the water;
  • clothes became worse to wash off, light linen acquire a grayish tint;
  • the machine heats poorly - the door glass remains cold throughout the entire washing regime;
  • odor on washed items and inside the drum;
  • to achieve a good result, you have to increase the amount of powder.

To finally make sure of the assumptions, it is advisable to inspect the heater itself. The heating element is located under the washing tank or is slightly offset from the center in one direction.

Scale on the heater
The appearance of the crust is promoted by magnesium and calcium salts - with an increase in temperature, the elements are converted into solid precipitate and carbon dioxide. Mixing with impurities and particles of rust, the deposits harden, covering the metal heater and other parts of the washer with a film

If deposits have been diagnosed, then it is time to start descaling measures. Timely cleaning will help return the heating element to its normal efficiency and avoid more serious trouble - costly equipment repair.

Checking the heater
Armed with a flashlight, you should shine on the drum holes. At the same time, the tank needs to be slightly rotated or rocked to better consider the heater

Typical composition and effect of the drug

To provide emergency assistance to the washing machine, a chemical agent - antiscale has been developed. This is the common name for the majority of descaling agents, its counterparts are: decalcifer, precipitator, etc. The drugs are available in the form of suspensions, pastes, powders and tablets.

The active ingredient of the cleaner is acid. Many manufacturers use citric, sulfamic or oxalic acid. Their specific gravity in the composition of anti-scale for washing machines is about 30%.

Additional mandatory components are thiourea and ammonium chloride. In addition to the above ingredients, the composition includes: dyes, flavors and other substances that have a prophylactic effect.

Anti-scale for washing
Antinakipin is an independent drug designed to remove already accumulated plaque. A chemical agent must not be combined with washing clothes. Do not confuse antiscale with prophylactic agents such as Calgon aimed at softening water

The operating principle of the “exterminator” is extremely simple - acids act on hard deposits and soften them. The plaque exfoliates from the parts of the mechanism and is discharged through the drain hose with a water flow.

The use of antiscale to combat the crust of scale has the following advantages:

  • drug effectiveness - the result is achieved in one use;
  • safety for structural elements - subject to dosage, the components of the cleaner do not harm the rubber seal and plastic components of the washer;
  • profitability - the funds are enough for several uses.

If we talk about the minuses, it is worth noting the likelihood of clogging of the drainage channel with large pieces of scale. The remaining disadvantages are associated with non-compliance with the rules for the use of anti-scale - an excessive amount of the agent adversely affects the rubber seal.

Your first and foremost task is to read the instructions. Depending on the concentration of active substances, the permissible frequency of use and the amount of decalcine are determined.

Liquid descaling agent
It is better to give preference to liquid products - they dissolve better in cold water and more effectively act on salt deposits.

Regardless of the chemical chosen, the general rules for the use of anti-calcine should be adhered to:

  • idling - without loading laundry;
  • Recommended washing mode - 30-60 ° C;
  • the drug is poured / poured into a drum or powder pan.

More precise recommendations are displayed on the packaging. When working with a scale depositor, latex gloves must be used in order not to get a chemical burn.During the treatment of the heating element, the room should be well ventilated - in the bathroom or kitchen, you must turn on the forced exhaust hood.

Overview of funds from popular brands

We list the most popular and effective, according to users, means to combat scum.

Furman (Ukraine)

A powdery cleaner packaged in 40 g disposable bags. One package is enough to remove deposits from the heater. Furman contains inorganic acid and an electrochemical corrosion inhibitor instead of citric.

Furman decalcifier
The first component provides softening and plaque removal, and the second - creates a positive potential on the metal surface of the heater, preventing corrosion processes and protecting the drum with a seal

The manufacturer recommends cleaning by setting the wash cycle to 60 ° C. After the procedure, the machine must be “driven away” idle at a minimum temperature in order to permanently remove scale particles.

Users note high efficiency, ease of use and low cost of the drug.

Topper (Italy)

Scale precipitator is a joint development of two European equipment manufacturers: Miele and Bosch. The product is tested and recommended for cleaning washers and dishwashers.

The active ingredient of the express purifier is anhydrous citric acid. In the composition of the anti-scale, there is acid sulfite, it is this additive that is responsible for the safety of the internal rubber parts of the machine.

The maximum temperature for using Topper is 60 ° С, the time interval is 1-3 times per year. The frequency of cleaning depends on the hardness of the water. Estimated price of antiscale - 3-4 cu

Magic Power (Germany)

Effective tool for removing old hard deposits. Antinakipin is available in liquid and powder form.

Anti-scale Magic Power
The manufacturer’s product line also includes prophylactic preparations against crusting on the heating element - their use is relevant for new machines or units that have been descaled

Luxus Professional (Russia)

The universal liquid cleaner is suitable for servicing not only washing machines, but also electric kettles, dishwashers, irons and coffee makers.

Antinakipin is developed on the basis of substances harmless to humans: citric and aminosulfonic acid, food coloring. The drug is available with apple and lemon flavor. The capacity is 500 ml, which is enough for two cleanings. Buying a bottle of Luxus Professional will cost 5-6 cu

Top-House (Germany / Russia)

A popular German brand of household chemicals has launched production in various European countries. Powder for quick control of scale is produced in Russia, a gel of similar action - in Germany.

Top-House decalcifier
Loose cleaner is packaged in 200 g packages - dosage for one application. Citric acid (over 30%) and urea (15-30%) predominate in the composition of antiscale.

Top-House received a lot of positive user feedback. Consumers note high efficiency - the product quickly removes accumulated scale and cleans the drum.

Doctor TEN (Belarus)

A distinctive feature of the drug is that in addition to performing the main task of cleaning the heating element, Doctor TEN has an antibacterial effect.

Anti-scaling Doctor TEN
For high performance, good reviews of professionals and demand for goods, anti-scale for four years received the title of "Best Product"

Antinakipin Selena (Russia)

Two forms are provided: powder and emulsion. The manufacturer recommends using a washing mode of 30-40 ° C for cleaning, the frequency of use is every quarter.

Not all consumers respond positively about the tool. Among the minuses are: lack of effectiveness, the risk of damage to the seal.

Cinderella (Russia)

Popular household chemicals of the Russian manufacturer are in demand due to the wide distribution network and affordable cost. However, reviews of the drug are not always encouraging.

Antinakipin Cinderella
In the composition of anti-scale, 5-15% of inorganic / organic acids are present, the manufacturer does not indicate the exact components. There is a high risk of negative impact on the rubber seal.

Additional disadvantages of Cinderella include: high consumption of the drug and lack of effectiveness. According to users, the tool does not soften deposits, especially old ones.

Skrabman (Russia)

Another well-known domestic drug based on acids with the addition of a complexing agent. According to the manufacturer, the product fights scale at the ionic level and has a disinfecting effect on the internal parts of the unit.

In addition to cleansing TEN from deposits of a solid nature, Scrubman No. 1 aninakipin removes unpleasant odors from the drum, destroys fungus and mold.

The expense of the product depends on the severity of the water. If the indicator is not exactly set, then you need to use the dosage, as for the average level. An alternative is to focus on the “carrying capacity” of the machine. A bag of dry powder (250 g) is designed for washing up to 6 kg.

Scaling Scrubman
The liquid bio-cleaner Scrubman No. 4 consists of an organic reagent, all components of the emulsion are biodegradable and environmentally friendly. The scale separator has a milder effect compared to Scrubman No. 1 and is recommended for monthly use.

Un Momento (Russia)

A liquid purifier concentrate consisting of organic food acids and a mixture of alkali metal salts. Effectively copes with limescale and gently cleans plastic, rubber, steel elements of the washing machine.

Anti-scale Un Momento
The Un Momento scale precipitator is nontoxic and harmless to health. The product comes in convenient disposable packaging, eliminating the possibility of spills.

In addition to the listed drugs, similar products of manufacturers deserve attention: Bork, Nast, W5, Tygon and Greenfield Rus.

The procedure for using the purchased Anti-scale product is presented in the video:

How to replace antinakipin? Folk methods

The effect of most purchased products is based on splitting the structure of salt deposits with different acids, which means that improvised acid-containing substances are also suitable for cleaning TEN. The role of antiscale at home is well performed by citric acid and vinegar.

Option # 1 - Citric Acid

With intensive use of the washer, the heating element should be cleaned every 4 months. If the unit is rarely turned on, then the frequency of plaque removal is once every six months.

The use of citric acid
The amount of citric acid is determined by the maximum load of things in the machine. For example, for a 5 kg unit, you need 100 g of lemon

Sequence citric acid cleansing:

  1. Unload all the laundry from the machine.
  2. Measure out the right amount of cleaning agent.
  3. Pour the drum 1/5 of the citric acid, the rest into the powder pan.
  4. Select the longest and highest temperature wash cycle and turn on the appliance.
  5. At the end of work - “drive” the washing machine in rinse mode. If possible, select the option for high water level.

At the end - wipe the drum with a soft cloth and clean the drain filter. It must be ensured that no scale particles remain in the rubber seal.

The video instruction will help to properly clean the washing machine with citric acid:

Option # 2 - vinegar

The tool is very effective, but has not gained due popularity for two reasons. Firstly, acetic acid has a pungent odor - the flavor remains in the machine for some time after processing. Secondly, vinegar is more aggressive than citric acid, so it should be used with caution so as not to damage the seal.


  1. Empty the drum from things and pour 200 g of vinegar into it. Add 1/3 cup acid solution to the powder compartment.
  2. Set the program to a temperature of 90 ° C with a long wash cycle. Click "Start".
  3. After 5-10 minutes of work, pause in the mode for 1 hour.
  4. After the time has elapsed, resume the program.

After cleaning, it is necessary to start a rinse cycle to remove residual vinegar and dirt.

Cleaning TENA with vinegar
Due to the aggressiveness of vinegar, it is not recommended to resort to such a method of controlling scum more often than once per year

Some craftsmen claim that the machine can be cleaned with Coca-Cola. To remove deposits you need 5 liters of drink. The technology is similar to the use of vinegar.

Mechanical cleaning of heating elements

Understanding the machine’s device and knowing the primitive technical skills of servicing equipment, you can clean the heater manually. However, it is better to entrust the washing assembly to a specialist - due to errors made, the device can pass current.

The mechanical method is effective - you can visually verify the condition of the heating element before and after processing.

TEN removal
Dismantling of equipment is not recommended if the warranty period has not expired. After independent “intrusion” the unit is not subject to free service

General procedure:

  1. Remove the rear wall of the unit.
  2. Carefully remove the heater.
  3. Using an anti-scale, clean the heating element; an alternative method is to soak the part in a solution of lemon or vinegar.
  4. Descale, clean, dry and install a heater. Assemble the machine in the reverse order.

When disassembling, the condition of the moving parts of the drum should be examined. Their removal is a more difficult task, the implementation of which to do it yourself is not recommended.

Mechanical cleaning of heating elements
Clean the heating element very carefully. In this case, the use of sharp tools such as a knife, file or hard metal ruff is unacceptable

If the actions taken did not give the expected effect, then most likely the heater must be replaced. You can learn more about choosing and installing a heating element from this article.

Descale prevention measures

Compliance with the recommendations of the operation of the equipment can slow down the appearance of deposits. Basic rules: wash mainly in a mode that provides for heating water to 60 ° C, use specialized powders for automatic machines.

Some measures are aimed at reducing the carbonate hardness of tap water. Find out which ones are more effective.

Calgon and its analogues: benefit or harm

Thinking about how to prevent the appearance of a crust on the heater, many people recall the advertised Calgon. However, the masters of service centers are skeptical about the "miraculous" drug.

Calgon Remedy
Calgon is a water softener. The drug does not remove accumulated scale, but changes the characteristics of the liquid. It consists of carboxylates, sodium tripolyphosphate, polyethylene glycol and microcrystalline cellulose. Substances inhibit the effects of salts and reduce the likelihood of scale formation.

In principle, Calgon copes with the task, but is its use necessary?

Expert arguments:

  1. The composition of powders intended for automatic machines already includes water softeners. So, adding Calgona is a waste of money.
  2. A similar composition and a similar effect is exerted by cheaper analogues: Yplon, Tyron, Alfagon.
  3. An oversupply of the emollient is just as harmful as the calcium and magnesium salts themselves. The drug is not recommended to be used constantly, it is better to refuse it if the machine is operating at temperatures up to 60 ° C.

There is an opinion that the constant use of Calgona and its analogues makes the surface of the heating element solid, as if cemented. Due to the formation of a hard crust, the heater risks burning out quickly.

Magnetic transducer - salt neutralization

An effective and safe method that prevents the formation of a salt crust is a small insert device with a large magnetic induction. An overhead or mortise device is introduced into the plumbing system and changes the quality of the running water.

The converter operates as follows. Under the influence of a magnetic field, the salts crystallize and lose the ability to connect in groups - to settle on the details of the technique.

Magnetic transducer
Small particles formed with increasing temperature are washed away by a stream of liquid. The chemical composition of water does not change; the ability of salts to scale is neutralized

When choosing a magnetic method of prevention, it is necessary to take into account a number of nuances of using a converter:

  1. The appliance works effectively in a relatively small range, so it must be fixed closer to the washing machine.
  2. When buying a converter, you should require a quality certificate from the seller indicating the maximum temperature. Cheap analogues quickly lose their properties in a warm environment.
  3. The magnetic cleaner is installed on the cold water supply pipe.

It is possible to use the water treated with the converter only for technical purposes; it is not suitable for cooking. Experts talk about the inhibitory effect of a liquid.

Conclusions and useful video on the topic

Assessment of the condition of the heating element and descaling using citric acid, the result before and after processing:

Regular use of decalcifier is a necessary condition for the effective operation of the heating element and the extension of the life of the washing machine as a whole.

The main requirement for the use of household chemicals is to comply with the manufacturer's recommendations on the dosage of the cleaning agent and the safety procedures for its use. Household chemicals can be replaced by no less effective folk remedies: lemon and vinegar.

Have you ever had to deal with scale in a washing machine? Please tell us what tool you used, are you satisfied with the result. We look forward to your comments, questions and tips on cleaning the washing machine and preventing scale formation - the contact form is located below.

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Visitors Comments
  1. Natalya

    I remove the scale in the teapot in the most elementary way: I pour citric acid into water and boil with it. Recently I read that Sprite soda helps in the same way. I tried it - it worked. The kettle glistens. I’m thinking, can a washing machine also be descaled by a sprite? After all, it still contains sugar, doesn’t it matter ... Maybe someone tried it? Share your experience.

    • I don’t know about Sprite, but I heard that with the help of Coca Cola they clean it. Pour 4-5 liters of drink and include. But I would not risk it. There is also a proven working method with citric acid.

    • Expert
      Evgenia Kravchenko

      Hello. In addition to phosphoric acid, these carbonated drinks also contain other elements that on the washing machine can leave plaque or destroy its important elements. We do not recommend using such tools, especially since, on average, they recommend using 5 liters of a drink for cleaning soda washing, which at a price is unreasonably disproportionate to worthy descaling agents.

      And most likely, they did not recommend you to sprite, but Coca-Cola.

    • Expert
      Evgenia Kravchenko

      Comparing the kettle and the washing machine is fundamentally wrong! Yes, the kettle is easy to descale with citric acid. But look at the design of the electric kettle: the heating plate below and the case itself - that’s all that citric acid comes into contact with in boiled water.A washing machine is a completely different technique and there will be more harm than good from citric acid. I will try to briefly explain why.

      First, citric acid can react with chlorine. Secondly, not only PETN will be exposed, but also other elements, including which the drum is mounted, as well as various kinds of seals and hoses. Therefore, for safe descaling, you need to disassemble the washing machine and clean all the elements manually. This is longer, but such a preventive measure will significantly extend the life of the strike.

      The optimal and radical solution is not the use of special anti-scale products, but the installation of filters for water treatment for supply to the washing machine.

  2. Irina

    It seems to me everything, these newfangled branded anti-scale products, such as kalgon and others, are nothing more than a simple marketing move to pump money. Now you can even buy a powder that contains components that are actively struggling with scale. Personally, I do not use anything like this. The machine has been working for more than 8 years, and there are no complaints. Just once every three months, maybe once every six months I turn on the boiling mode of 90 degrees and fall asleep instead of powder a couple of packs of citric acid. That’s all wisdom.

  3. Svetlana

    That's what I want to write about the action of vinegar as a descaler: after using it in a washing machine, I did everything the same way and the proportion is the same as here, the machine first broke, and then when I used it to remove the scale in the teapot; the teapot immediately broke. Think about it, it’s a coincidence or something. Well, the master said that it was from vinegar, and who should I believe? Now my husband put a magnetic converter, we will wait for the results.

    • Expert
      Evgenia Kravchenko

      A little more detail: what exactly is broken? Why didn’t you check the method first on the kettle? And so the machine broke and you finished off the kettle. It is possible that the recommendations for the dosage of vinegar were violated, and you also need to pay attention to the percentage of acetic acid in the composition.

      It’s best to clean the kettle from limescale with citric acid, I checked it more than once on my teapot. Now I have a reverse osmosis filter on the tap, so the scale on the kettle does not form at all.

      In the washing machine, scale is formed on the heating element, therefore it is more logical and safer to disassemble the washing machine, remove the heating element and clean it manually from the scale. As for me, this is the most optimal and safest option. And folk remedies, the same lemon or vinegar - it is always a risk. Since these substances come in contact with many elements that are not designed for this.

  4. Maria Eremina

    For a long time I used citric acid to clean the machine, until it found that my machine was leaking and stopped heating. The craftsmen called, and it turned out that she successfully ate the gasket in the typewriter and the heater flew 🙁

    The master said so, and said that it is not in vain that they are selling so much money now - if you could just clean it with a lemon, yeah! This is not Soviet babies for you. I clean the shore with a new washer by means of the BAGI Schumanit-Avnit company limescale. It is not loose and therefore does not dust when I pour it into the compartment for washing powder. Then I run one wash and that's it. As a result, it removes scale and prevents rust from forming. Everything has its own application, I have seen this and I advise you.

  5. Elena

    Lemon is unlikely to clean your coffee machine properly. Rather, all silicone and rubber gaskets will eventually corrode and the coffee machine will slowly kill. I think it makes no sense to save here, it’s easier not to experiment and get a specialized tool for these purposes that will never damage the coffee machine.

    • Expert
      Evgenia Kravchenko

      Sorry, but this is about washing machines, not coffee machines.

  6. Eugene

    Yes guys, well, tin is written here. I have a chemistry workshop. Water treatment is also available. Regarding magnetic something like a filter there - do not buy it in any case. The best descaler for price-quality is sulfominic acid + a lemon corrosion inhibitor is added for the show. Although she does a little descaling.

    What is the difference in drum capacity - by 6 kg or more? It is important how much your car takes for a cycle of 30 liters or 80. Based on this, your solutions will be completely different. Calgon is also a complete scam, all of its components are contained in washing powder.

    Another option - put reverse osmosis in the apartment and there will be no scale in principle. And you can drink water, it costs from 8 thousand.

  7. Vladimir

    Quote from the article: “There is an opinion that the constant use of Calgona and its analogues makes the surface of the heating element solid, as if cemented. Due to the formation of a hard crust, the heater risks burning out quickly. ”

    You never know what opinion exists. And, excuse me, the expert should not manipulate the existing opinion on unverified facts.