How to choose an infrared carbon heater: an overview of the types and tips for customers
Manufacturers offer many carbon fiber heaters. You must admit that a variety of equipment in appearance, power, cost and other characteristics can easily confuse an inexperienced buyer.
We will help you understand the range of offers. Before choosing a carbon heater, you need to understand the principle of its structure and operation, as well as compare the operating features of different models.
The content of the article:
- Carbon Heating Element Design
- The device and principle of operation of the carbon device
- Varieties of carbon heaters
- Is it possible to build such a heater yourself?
- Carbon Heater Tips
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Carbon Heating Element Design
The consumer’s desire to buy a heating device that does not dry the air, warms it well, uses the minimum amount of energy - is feasible. These requirements are able to fulfill the carbon heater, which is one of types of infrared devices. It is based on a carbon heating element.
Carbon is the carbon from which the threads are made, which serve as the basis of the heater. They are twisted into a spiral placed in a tempered glass vacuum tube. The thickness of the spiral depends on the power of the device - the higher the power, the denser and longer the carbon thread will be.
This type of heater is capable of delivering a length of infrared rays of 1800-2400 nanometers, while having a negative temperature coefficient. This means that with increasing temperature, he will need less electricity.
A carbon spiral wrapped in a vacuum tube does not burn out when heated.This is a significant advantage over tungsten heating elements.
This feature allows you to use the heater for a long time, adhering to the operating rules of the device containing carbon fiber.
The device and principle of operation of the carbon device
Devices functioning due to the heating of the carbon spiral are distinguished by their performance characteristics, appearance, and material of manufacture. Common is the device arrangement.
The base is a tube with carbon filaments twisted into a spiral. This is a heating element. Depending on the power of the device and its model, such tubes can be 2, 3 or more.
The carbon heater is enclosed in a housing with anodized aluminum reflector. For safety reasons, the tube is fenced off from the outside world.
Depending on the model, the device may have a control panel, a stand with a rotation function, an integrated temperature sensor, which is controlled by a rotary controller.
After the device is connected to the network, an electric current passes through the carbon filaments, heating them. There is a long-wave infrared radiation that penetrates freely through the glass. There is no harm from it, because “carbone” is “carbon” in essence, the same coal.
The main feature of radiated heat is that it heats objects in the field of action. The air in contact with the device and objects begins to heat up already from objects that have received their portion of heat.
Infrared rays, getting on the surface of objects and the human body, are heated to a depth of 2.5 cm. Heating occurs on the one hand - from the heater.
The working area depends on the power of the device. On average, 100 watts are able to distribute heat to an area equal to 1 m2. But this figure largely depends on the model of the device - some manufacturers guarantee a heating area of 20 m with a power of 900 W2.
The heating element is the most reliable part of the device. The durable carbon strands that make up the carbon spiral can last 100,000 hours or more.
The only problem is the vacuum quartz tube. Although tempered glass is used, the risk of damage is quite high. It is glass that is considered the most vulnerable part of the device and the main disadvantage.
On the other hand, the plexus of hydrocarbon threads, securely sealed in a vacuum container, is protected from external influences - dust microparticles, water droplets, accidental ingress of foreign objects.
Varieties of carbon heaters
Infrared carbon heaters are characterized by a variety of shapes, dimensions, weight, power and cost. These characteristics are due to the particular model. The main criterion for the classification of carbon devices can be called the method of installation or installation.
All heaters of this type can be divided into the following groups:
- wall mounted;
In a separate group, you can select flat film type devicesalso using carbon as a heating element. They can be mounted on a wall, ceiling or floor.
Each of these groups speaks for itself - their installation or installation method is radically different. Their effectiveness and places of use directly depend on this.
Carbon-type heaters can be installed in an apartment, in a summer house, in a private house, in a car, on a summer cafe, in production rooms with high ceilings, in the office.
If the heater is located on the street, it should be borne in mind that the heating area in this case will be 2-2.5 times less than inside the building.
Characteristics of wall-mounted appliances
The main advantage of wall-mounted models of carbon heaters is the saving of living space. Due to the fact that the heater has special mounts for wall mounting, it can be placed even in a small apartment without damage to residents.
After all, when every centimeter of the room is important, the wall design will be the most reasonable option for a heating device.
There are no features in the wall heater device. You can install it on your own, without resorting to the services of specialists. The fixtures provided by the manufacturer are reliable. They are able to withstand a device having such a small weight - up to 4 kg.
The cost of a wall-mounted model largely depends on the popularity of the manufacturer and his reputation in the market.
Also, the power of the device, the warranty period of service, additional functions and capabilities provided by the developers of the device directly affect the price.
For the correct installation of the wall heater, you need to determine which objects should be in its working area. It is advisable to mount the device so that it has a maximum viewing angle.
If you select the wrong place, you have to outweigh it. For such models, it is important that the control panel is included.
The main disadvantage of wall mounted carbon fiber devices is the difficulty of maintenance - to wipe the dust, you still need to get to it. The second is a higher cost, compared with floor options.
This is due to the presence of mandatory functions for adjusting the temperature and power of the device through the control panel.
On the other hand, the installation site, located above the head, some consumers consider one of the advantages. It is wall and ceiling models that are very in demand among families with children. It is convenient that the device is out of the reach of the child.
Ceiling Carbon Fixtures
Carbon heaters can be installed on the ceiling. Manufacturers offer various models that can be safely integrated into any interior without harming it. There are options mounted in the design of a false ceiling.
Before installing ceiling carbon fiber heaters, it is important to correctly calculate the required power and choose the place of their installation. Such options are most often used for heating industrial premises with high ceilings. High power models with more than one heating element are suitable here.
Small appliances 800-2500 W are installed as additional heating equipment in country houses. This is very convenient - literally 10 seconds after turning it on, it starts to work, warming the guests and the pieces of furniture on which they settled down.
When using ceiling heaters, do not place objects, appliances having a plastic case, or fabrics too close. Excessive heating of the plastic may cause an unpleasant odor.
The ceiling device, equipped with a timer and a temperature controller, is able to maintain a comfortable temperature regime, once set by the user. Also, there are models that can remember several options for temperature conditions.
Carbon devices do not dry the air, because the heating element does not directly come in contact with air. Therefore, in rooms with such heaters do not have to worry about additional moisture.
Features of floor heaters
The most common models of carbon heaters are floor. They come in a variety of sizes and shapes - it all depends on the imagination of the designer. Their main advantage is mobility and low weight. Such a device can be loaded into a car and taken to the country with you.
Floor heaters are divided into horizontal and vertical in appearance. Depending on their capabilities, stationary devices and rotary devices are distinguished. The angle of rotation depends on individual characteristics - from 90 ° to 180 °.
This feature appealed to a large number of buyers. Also, remote control models are in great demand, despite the higher cost.
Ease of use of floor standing devices speaks for itself - set and can be turned on. No installation required. A variety of forms allows you to choose the best option for your home, harmoniously combined with the interior.
The carbon heater creates a special cozy atmosphere in the room, as if a fireplace was used for heating.
For safety reasons, carbon floor heaters are equipped with an automatic shut-off function. It is triggered when heated above the permissible temperature or when the appliance topples over. If the owner accidentally drops a working heater, an automatic relay will turn off the device.
To maintain a comfortable temperature regime without human intervention, you can use when connecting a heater temperature controller for the outlet.
Flat or film type systems
One of the varieties of carbon heaters can be called film-type devices operating on the basis of carbon fibers laid parallel to each other. You can do these films yourself.
To do this, you will need to carefully calculate the required heating area, carefully cut the film without damaging the strips with the heating element.
At mounting infrared film it is important that the segments do not overlap each other. Do not place furniture at their locations. Such a warming system copes with the function of heating the loggia or a separate section of the room.
The efficiency of the devices is quite high - because the generated heat is not wasted, it is aimed at objects.
Carbon heating films can be installed on the ceiling, wall or floor. Manufacturers offer improved options for film-type devices, designed in the form of paintings. A decorative finish is applied to the drywall frame. The main condition - in this design there should be no metal parts
Is it possible to build such a heater yourself?
A home-made device that operates on the principle of a carbon film can be built on its own from improvised materials. Performing such work, it is important to dry all the workpieces thoroughly, check the power so that it can be safely connected to the network and pay special attention to insulation.
According to the masters, a self-assembled heater is not inferior to purchased analogues in work.
To make it you will need:
- epoxy adhesive;
- copper terminals;
- a wire with a plug for connecting to the network;
- graphite powder;
- 2 sheets of laminated paper plastic.
To obtain a graphite conductor, an epoxy adhesive must be mixed with graphite powder. Stir the mixture thoroughly - it will serve as a heating element.
The prepared conductor is to be applied in a zigzag pattern on the prepared sheet. Then you need to glue the plastic sheets together, attaching copper terminals to the conductor from different sides.
You can also connect a temperature regulator, which will help regulate the temperature regime after completion of the heater assembly.
Having carefully bonded everything, you have to leave the workpiece for complete drying. All contacts, wires and parts that conduct current should be properly insulated. After drying, it is necessary to measure the resistance of the device and calculate its power.Without these tests, it is absolutely impossible to connect the device to the network.
Carbon Heater Tips
Carbon heater is one of the safest devices capable of long life. Of course, when used correctly.
It does not burn oxygen, does not reduce the level of humidity in the room, is safe for children, does not emit any harmful gases, vapors, toxic substances.
The safety of carbon heaters has been proven by their successful use since the beginning of 2000. More than 15 years of practical use of devices with a carbon heating element prove that they do not cause harm to health. More about myths regarding infrared emitters is written in this article.
To use carbon heaters brought only positive emotions, you need to choose the right model that suits a specific consumer.
When choosing it is important to consider a number of features:
- where the device will be used - in the country, in an apartment, office or other type of premises;
- the area to be heated;
- what type of device is most suitable in a particular situation;
- required power;
- the presence of additional features and capabilities;
- The amount of budget allocated for the purchase.
For buyers who value the fame and reputation of the equipment manufacturer, the cost will be slightly higher - the brand will have to pay extra.
Among the manufacturers of carbon heaters, the following devices are most popular:
- German models Zenet;
- french Noirot royat;
- turkish UFO, Maximus, Sinbo;
- chinese Polaris;
- Russian Blux.
The power of the devices, their design and the heated area depends on the model and manufacturer. Also, the warranty period of heaters ranges from 12 months to 6 years. It all depends on the manufacturer.
Devices of various brands with the same power can cope with heating of different sizes. This fact should be taken into account when choosing a suitable model, carefully study the accompanying documentation of the model you like.
As for the price, traditionally the cheapest options are offered by Chinese firms. There are many of them and most of them are not of high quality. Therefore, buyers prefer to purchase devices from well-known manufacturers.
One of the reliable brands of heaters produced in the Middle Kingdom are appliances Polaris. They are trusted by buyers.
Which company to give preference to is the personal business of each customer.The main thing is that the heater meets all the requirements for it.
The most popular remote-controlled models are equipped with a rotary mechanism and a timer. Users prefer comfort, even if you have to overpay for it.
Interestingly, many buyers of carbon heaters talk about the beneficial effects of infrared rays generated during operation. This applies to improving blood circulation, facilitating the occurrence of colds and joint diseases. It is important to use the heater correctly so as not to harm yourself.
If you have not decided on the choice of a home heater, then read the article - Which heater is better to choose for home and apartment: a comparative overview of units
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Video instruction for using a carbon heating device:
Video about mounting an infrared film:
Carbon heaters emitting infrared rays are able to qualitatively warm furniture and people in the coverage area. They very economically consume electrical energy, transfer heat to surrounding objects as much as possible, without wasting it on air heating.
The service life of the carbon heating element is more than 100,000 hours of quality work. The main thing is to choose the right model, taking into account the features of your premises and personal preferences.
Looking for an efficient infrared heater? Or have experience using carbon plants? Please leave comments on the article and share your impressions of the operation of such heaters.