Gas heating in an apartment: how to make an individual circuit in an apartment building
Do you know the problems that the landlord in an apartment building most often faces? This is not only a low quality of heat supply, but also a regular increase in the cost of public utilities.
Still depressing is the need to humbly wait for the start of the heating season, when you already have tremors from unbearable cold. Having installed gas heating in the apartment, these problems will be a thing of the past.
The main fears of apartment owners are based on the need for legislative permission to conduct an individual heating system and the high cost of implementing this idea. In most cases, people who have already installed it consider that you should not spare the money invested. After all, all costs will pay off in the future.
The content of the article:
Important about individual gas heating system
Among the advantages, the possibility of future savings on payment for services stands out. Also, the owners will have independence from planned and unscheduled shutdowns of hot water and heating. Many are attracted by the opportunity to maintain the desired indoor temperature throughout the year.
If not installed gas meterSince the residents are forced to leave the apartment for a while, they will not need to collect a number of documents proving their real absence and submit them to the competent authorities. It will be enough just to turn off the gas boiler.
The owner of the apartment decides what temperature will be optimal for him. He calculates the budget for gas payments based on his needs and plans expenses.
Statistical estimates by experts on the installation of independent gas heating in apartment buildings show that during installation autonomous systems on average, residents' heating costs are halved, and water heating costs are reduced by three or more times.
Large boiler houses using main gas do not give high efficiency due to significant heat losses on heating mains and other important factors.
An individual oversized system allows efficient and quick repair of all key components, characterized by low heat loss and, consequently, productive work and high efficiency.
Safe operation of the gas boiler is ensured by the correct installation of all systems, checking their operability and the absence of gas leaks, exhausts. The best thing install a gas boiler in a separate boiler room to avoid exposure to accidentally leaking toxic gases that threaten humans.
The correct installation and conduction of the chimney is a key point in installing a gas boiler. If carbon monoxide is not completely removed from the premises, then adverse consequences for the residents of the apartment are possible.
In order to install a gas boiler in the apartment, you must have a connected gas pipeline. If there is no gas pipeline yet, then it will take some time and decent funds. In addition, you need to get a number of permits. In such cases, everyone decides for himself whether to get involved in this process and bring it to completion.
Not always, talking about individual gas heating in an apartment building, they think about installing apartment systems and boilers. Often, a powerful boiler is installed on the whole house or porch, which provides heat to the entire system controlled by it.
Thanks to this option, residents no longer depend on the central highway. Typically, boilers are connected in the basement.
Dependence on district heating dictates to residents the need to pay the costs associated with heat losses. This is about thirty percent of the cost of heating services. Even due to the fact that most urban heating systems were built decades ago, they need regular maintenance.
A number of specialists are involved in the maintenance, the payment of the work of which is assigned to the residents of apartment buildings. Having established an individual system, residents thereby refuse to finance many unnecessary specialists. If a breakdown occurs in the installed system, then you can always raise funds for repair in an equal proportion from each tenant.
For apartment heating, wall-mounted boilers are mainly purchased, and for heating the whole house, powerful models of floor boilers are purchased. Installation of all equipment is carried out only by specialists authorized to carry out such work.
It is important to know that without permits it is impossible to independently carry out any work on setting up autonomous heating. Independence in this case is fatal and can lead to lengthy litigation and responsibility before the law.
If you still decide to implement your idea, then for its implementation you need to go through a series of stages, which we will describe in this article.
Stages of transition to individual heating
The constant struggle with the problems described above forces you to take the first step towards the installation of an autonomous system. It makes sense to think in advance about how to make gas heating in your apartment in order to calculate the cost of acquiring equipment and get an idea of the upcoming work front.
First of all, document the presence of real problems. To do this, you must submit the appropriate application to your heat supplier and to the sanitary and epidemiological station.
These preliminary steps will help to challenge in court a possible refusal to install individual heating. Questions of this nature are often resolved precisely in court.
To facilitate the process and gain confidence in your innocence, you need to familiarize yourself with several regulatory documents.
For residents of the Russian Federation, this list includes:
- Federal Law 190-FZ “On Heat Supply” dated July 30, 2010;
- Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 307, explaining the rules and features of the provision of utilities to residents;
- Articles 25 and 26 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation: explaining the peculiarities of the reconstruction and redevelopment of the premises of apartment buildings and the grounds for their implementation.
Judicial practice shows that there are many precedents for successfully challenging unreasonable refusals.
Denial of district heating
The text of Federal Law No. 190 indicates a list of sources of individual heating that are allowed to be installed in apartment buildings, as well as a list of devices prohibited for various reasons. The law, therefore, does not prohibit the use of modern gas boilers that meet the requirements.
According to Article 26 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation, it is necessary to collect a whole package of documents for the reconstruction of a residential building. This includes:
- A duly executed statement on the need for reorganization from the owner or responsible person;
- Original technical passport for the apartment;
- Copies and originals of notarized documents establishing the right to own and dispose of housing;
- The original of the developed project for the reconstruction of a residential apartment;
- Written consent of all family members and other residents registered on the premises;
- The conclusion of the bodies involved in the protection of architectural monuments, on the admissibility of the reconstruction of the premises.
The central heating service provider has been considering the application for some time. She issues a letter with permission to disconnect the apartment from the central system. This document will be required when ordering technical specifications for the installation of individual gas heating within an apartment building.
The handling of the order of technical conditions is supplied to the gas industry. The answer is usually given within ten days. Failure can be obtained in cases when there is no gas in the region, it is impossible to purchase it in cylinders or regularly replenish the supply of blue fuel in the gas tank.
After the refusal of utility services in the field of heat supply, old and inefficient systems should be dismantled. To do this, you must have a project for disconnecting from central heating.
The basis for the preparation of the project is a letter from the Partnership of Homeowners with permission to stop using the services of a heat supply organization. Be sure to get a written response and save it. In case of refusal, this letter can be appealed to the court for appeal.
Having received the design documentation, it is necessary to go with it to the district office of the All-Russian Volunteer Fire Society. After all the checks there they issue an act on the fire safety of the project. If there is a need, there they also make a project for the chimney.
All documentation must be agreed with the city administration. The conclusion on approval or refusal shall be adopted within up to forty-five calendar days from the date of its submission.
A refusal to reconstruct an apartment of an apartment building is issued on the basis of Article 27 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation if the owner has not provided all the required documents. Unreasonable refusal can be appealed in court.
Preparation of documentation and obtaining approval for the rejection of central heat supply. This is the initial preparatory step towards the legal transition to an individual gas heating system.
The list of required documents varies depending on the region and the specifics of the law. Comprehensive information can be obtained by consulting the administration of your city.
Permission to install a gas boiler
For successful gas boiler equipment a number of formalities should be followed. First of all, it is necessary to apply for the need to install an individual gas system in the urban gas industry.
At the same time, you need to get a document confirming the serviceability of ventilation and the chimney. It is requested at the fire department.
Each of the neighbors must give their written consent to your desire to carry out an autonomous system. This measure is necessary due to the fact that when one or several apartments are disconnected from the central heating, there may be some malfunction of the heating system regarding the other residents of the house.
So, some apartments may begin to receive more heat, while others, on the contrary, less.
This problem is due to the fact that most heating systems of apartment buildings are out of date many years ago and need constant maintenance.
Next, you should find out the head of the pipes and batteries. If they are in charge of home ownership, then it is necessary to obtain permission for dismantling from neighbors. If they are subordinate to the state organization, then you need to write a statement to this company with a request to turn off the systems.
After receiving all the documents and permits, you must contact the city heating system and take permission to draw up and approve a scheme for future autonomous heating.
When the entire list of documents has been received and all the previous steps have been completed, you can proceed directly to the dismantling of the old communications. It usually takes three to six months to collect the required papers. Before submitting a technical passport to a boiler to a gas organization, you should choose the equipment model suitable for your apartment.
Boilers are single-circuit and double-circuit. Double circuit gas units provide residents not only with heating, but also with uninterrupted supply of hot water. This saves gas and reduces the cost of paying for services.Modern oversized devices have closed combustion chambers.
This design allows you to simplify installation and not to carry out the flue. A special fan drives the air from the street, and then releases the combustion products back through the pipes installed for this purpose.
The advantages of gas boilers include a multi-level security system, which includes the presence of a function to automatically turn off the system. Range of sensors tracks traction, presence or absence of flame.
The fluid pressure in the system is monitored safety valve and, in case of exceeding the norm, is responsible for draining excess fluid. Expansion tank allows you to control the expansion of the liquid during heating. An air vent is responsible for discharging excess air from the system.
Design and installation of an autonomous system
At this stage, the owner of the apartment, together with the designer, make the necessary calculations and decide which particular individual heating system will be in the room. Depending on this, a gas boiler suitable for power and characteristics is selected.
According to the rules, the required power is 100 watts per square meter of area. This value is quite enough even for corner apartments, connecting many common walls with neighbors, which guarantees the absence of heat loss.
The wiring, that is, the scheme by which all heating devices and connecting pipes are located, depends on the type of boiler selected and the principle of movement of the coolant: natural or forced. The wiring is selected at the design stage. It can be single-tube or two-pipe, horizontal or vertical, upper or lower.
In addition to the scheme of the new autonomous system, the project content should include a section that contains data on the dismantling of the old heating system. It indicates the details of disassembling and removing batteries and connectors. It should be borne in mind that the risers going through the apartment cannot be dismantled and must be insulated.
The scheme of individual heating of your apartment should correspond to the possibility of installing radiators with thermostatic valves at the entrance. For this purpose, conventional aluminum structures are suitable.
If desired, the owner of the apartment on the ground floor has the opportunity to design a system simultaneously with autonomous heating water heated floors. For owners of apartments located above, this option is not available, since the floors are not designed for the weight of the system with a coolant and concrete screed.
If the construction of a water-based floor heating system is approved, even on the ground floor, separate procedures are envisaged to strengthen the lower floor by installing additional supports in the basement.
If your house has a periodic blackout, then you should consider purchasing an uninterruptible power supply.Thanks to the BBP, your gas boiler will work without interruptions and will continuously provide the apartment with heating and hot water.
Regulatory requirements and regulations
As part of the transition to an individual heating system in an apartment building, the law requires compliance with a number of conditions.
The room in which the boiler will need to be installed must comply with the following parameters:
- The area of the room is more than 4 square meters with a ceiling height of more than 2.5 meters;
- The width of the front door is more than 80 centimeters;
- The presence of a natural light source (window);
- The distance between the gas boiler and other devices that work with fire is at least 30 centimeters;
- The boiler should only be hung on the load-bearing wall;
- The height of the boiler from the floor should be no more than 150 centimeters.
If you conduct individual heating yourself, then you must clearly follow the above rules. Installation companies carry out installation in accordance with all requirements. The gas boiler itself is connected to the system only by employees of the gas economy.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Advantages and disadvantages of autonomous heating of an apartment:
Gas boiler in the apartment, personal experience and features of operation:
The device of new individual heating in the premises of an apartment building is characterized by a number of features. A lot of effort, time and money will be spent on obtaining permits: collecting the necessary documents, submitting them and obtaining approvals. In addition, the new system and its design costs a lot of money.
However, individual heating is a way to get rid of a number of problems and save money on paying for utility bills in the future. The owner insures himself against pressure drops, can install modern polypropylene pipes that will last a long time. Also, with the help of programmers, you can configure remote control of the boiler.
Please write comments in the block form below, ask questions, share photos and useful information on the topic of the article. Tell us about how you or your friends arranged individual gas heating. It is possible that your experience and knowledge will be useful to site visitors.