Russian stove with stove: masonry technology of the Russian stove with diagrams and detailed procedures
Despite the huge number of modern heating appliances, stoves in the house do not lose their positions. However, brick structures of the 21st century are much different from their predecessors - bulky classic Russian stoves with a large stove bench and very limited heat transfer.
One of the most effective solutions is the Russian stove with a stove - more compact and suitable for heating both a country house and a building for permanent residence. We suggest that you consider the schemes and orders of the model with a plate, which may be needed if you decide to do the construction yourself.
The content of the article:
Stove oven - multi-purpose facility
The stove is so useful, convenient and ergonomic that the construction of a structure without it simply loses its meaning. Perhaps that is why all modern modifications of the Russian stove have cast-iron stoves - with one, two and even three rings.
In fact, models with a stove do not contradict one of the main features of the Russian stove - they have two fireboxes. Just a small firebox and is responsible for heating the stove. At the same time, in simple stoves, it has a separate chimney, connected to the chimney above the furnace.
For more complex designs, there is the possibility of a “summer” and a “winter” furnace: in the first case, the small furnace (underfloor) works autonomously, and in the second, it is used to heat the walls and the large furnace.
There is a third option for the location of the underfloor - in the main structure, but from the side or from the opposite side. This solution is not always acceptable - for example, if the furnace must be placed in a corner. In this case, it is more convenient if both fireboxes are located on one side and are located one above the other.
The advantages of the hob design are obvious:
- autonomous heating with a lower degree of heat transfer;
- fast heating process of cast iron and walls;
- cooking on the stove all kinds of dishes;
- the possibility of heating or storing food in a warm form;
- economical fuel consumption - firewood;
- easy care - cleaning the ash pan.
On the stove, when it is no longer hot, but slightly cooled, you can dry household items. For the same purpose, use small stoves - small grooves in the walls of the furnace, as well as a brick perimeter around the cast-iron surface.
For summer residents, a model with a flood is much more convenient, since it is used more often. A large firebox is usually used either in early spring or late autumn, when the cold season begins and the entire furnace is required to be heated.
Popular ordering options
Having the order of the Russian stove with hob on hand, you can lay out the structure with your own hands. Of course, you will need the help of an experienced craftsman, since everything is important in the masonry: from the proportions of the components in the solution to the choice of building and insulation materials.
We offer two options, most often requested by the owners of private houses.
Option # 1 - with a stove and a stove bench
One of the most beloved solutions, combining all the advantages of a real Russian oven: a large crucible for baking bread, a convenient cooker and a wide stove bench, which can be used as an extra bed on cold winter nights.
The construction begins, as is customary, with the arrangement of the foundation. We remind you that it is not connected with the foundation of the house and is being built separately. To do this, usually dig a hole, make the formwork and, using reinforcement, fill it with cement mortar.
After its maturation, the base is isolated with basalt cardboard, steel or other material, leveled and proceed with the construction of the furnace masonry.
Tools: trowel, level, square, plumb, rule - it is better to prepare in advance so that everything is at hand. You also need to buy all the necessary materials: a cast-iron 2-burner stove, furnace and cleaning doors, a grate, latches, a view.
The model of the stove with a stove bench and tile has one feature - a stove bench is fenced on both sides by walls. This is clearly seen in the order below.
Arrangement of stove with stove bench and stove
When installing a cast iron plate, it is necessary to take into account the expansion of the metal during heating.
For this, 2-3 mm gaps are left from the sides, and the plate itself is not placed on the solution, but left to lie loose so that it can be easily removed if necessary.
If it seems to you that the construction of the final element - the chimney - is easiest, then you are mistaken.
Experienced stove makers, laying out the pipe, carefully approach the selection of bricks: they take the most even ones and put them with the smoothest side inward. This is necessary to reduce the degree of contamination of the inner surface - less soot settles on smooth walls, so they have to be cleaned less often.
Option # 2 - with a stove under a cauldron
Despite the fact that the presented sample has almost all the elements of a traditional Russian stove, it takes up little space, very convenient and functional.
The stove is large in size, it is easy to place on it not only pots, but also a large cauldron for preparing oriental dishes.
When using both fireboxes, it is possible to heat a house with an area of up to 40-50 m², but if the structure is intended for a country house, then just a small underfloor stove with a stove will be more actively used.
Stove oven order
You can make changes to the order, but with the condition that they do not contradict security, logic and masonry rules.
In the 7th row, instead of simply overlapping, you can also build an arch, but this is only possible for an experienced stove-maker, since building an arch requires additional time and knowledge of the special technique of processing and laying bricks.
At this stage, the masonry becomes quite high, so often there is a need for special scaffolds.
An ordinary stool is not enough, because in addition to the stove at a certain height, it is necessary to place a container with a solution and bricks.
In the future, fireclay bricks can also be used, but only for aesthetic purposes. Characteristics do not play a role, if desired, it is possible to produce masonry as before - with red solid brick.
Then only the pipe is erected - to the distance remaining to the ceiling.
The presented order is suitable for those who do not need a large bed. Otherwise, it will be necessary to increase the length of the combustion chamber or to build an extension with smoke channels inside.
Recommendations from experienced stove-makers
If you have the order and a stack of drawings on hand, this does not mean that all the secrets of professional masonry are open to you. There are many little things that need to be considered when building a Russian stove.
To make it easier to work, and the results of work paid off, pay attention to simple but effective rules:
Do not forget about the quality of the basic materials - bricks and mortar, on which both the heating efficiency and the service life of the structure as a whole depend.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
The order of the stove with a large stove bench and tiles:
The order of work during the construction of the furnace with flooding:
Outdoor barbecue with stove:
There are a lot of options for building a stove with a hob - a stove. However, without practice, we do not recommend proceeding to the construction of any chosen model on your own. Be sure to study the subject information and enlist the support of a qualified craftsman, whose work results you are familiar with firsthand.
Please write comments in the form below the text of the article. Tell us how you built a stove with a stove for cooking in your country house or at your favorite cottage. Ask questions on the topic, post photographs of the process of construction or operation of a brick unit.