Sawdust briquettes: how to make “euro-wood” for fuel assemblies with your own hands

Vasily Borutsky
Checked by a specialist: Vasily Borutsky
Author: Lydia Korzheva
Last update: May 2019

Firewood that would burn for a long time, give a lot of heat and little ash, do not throw sparks and soot - the dream of the owner of a country house with stove heating or a fireplace. It is these properties that sawdust briquettes possess, which you can not only purchase, but also make with your own hands. You should familiarize yourself with the manufacturing process. It is so?

We will talk about how to make fuel briquettes for use in heating a country house or cottage. In our article, we describe in detail the technology for the production of logs from pressed sawdust. Independent home masters with us will find brief instructions on how to assemble a press machine.

Advantages of Sawdust Logs

In favor of briquettes pressed from sawdust, the following arguments can be given:

  1. Long burning - 4 hours.
  2. Minimal smoke generation.
  3. Environmental friendliness. The feedstock is natural materials, so the beds can be fertilized with ash.
  4. High energy efficiency. Far exceeds the energy capabilities of firewood, comparable only with high-quality coal.
  5. Constant combustion temperature.
  6. Profitability. The cost of 1 ton of such fuel will be cheaper than the corresponding amount of firewood or coal.
  7. The possibility of self-manufacturing.

Deficiencies are also present. The main one is the fear of moisture. You can’t store them in the open air, because they quickly absorb moisture, therefore, they will burn badly. Therefore, for storage it is necessary to allocate a dry room.

Any significant mechanical effects on sawdust briquettes are contraindicated. If you buy special equipment for their manufacture, the cost will be high and not always justified.

Sawdust briquette burning
Replacing coal and firewood with sawdust briquettes makes it possible to make heating of suburban housing more environmentally friendly. While heating with wet firewood leads to the release of harmful substances, the "eurowood" in this regard is completely safe

It is advantageous to establish handicraft production if sawdust is free, and existing equipment can be used as an installation.

Types of fuel briquettes

Briquettes are divided into types depending on their shape. The main types of products that can be found on the market are:

  1. RUF. These are pressed rectangles measuring 15 x 9.5 x 6.5 cm. They are made from sawdust of natural wood with the addition of special components.
  2. Nestro. Visually, these are cylinders with a diameter of 6 to 9 cm and a length of 5 to 35 cm, with no holes. The material for production is pressed wood pulp. It is dried, placed in a loading container, then fed through a screw for pressing. Dispensers distribute the mass under pressure forms.
  3. Pini kay. In shape, these are polyhedrons with the number of faces from 4 to 6. In the production process, they are subjected to high temperature processing and pressing under high, up to 1100 bar, pressure. As a result, combustion efficiency, moisture resistance, and density increase.

The chemical composition and heat transfer of all these species pressed sawdust identical, they differ only in density. This fuel is not characterized by sparks flying in different directions. High density and low hygroscopicity allow you to store this fuel in a small pantry next to the stove.

Raw materials for the production of briquettes
In addition to sawdust for the production of briquettes, sunflower husks, buckwheat, paper, small branches, fallen leaves, straw are used. The equipment for this has a rather simple design, and you can make it yourself

If for the formation of briquettes there is the necessary raw materials, they can be made independently.

Equipment for the production of briquettes

In industrial conditions, the grinding of wood waste is performed on special mechanisms - crushers. Such an important part of the technological process as drying is performed using drying machines, which are of two types - drum and aerodynamic.

The products are formed on hydraulic press. With a minimum force of 30 MPa, it compacts the mass. At the same time, no raw materials need to be added to the feed, since Under these conditions, wood glue - lignin - is released due to compression and high temperature.

Any form of briquettes can be obtained on a shock-mechanical press, but their density is not very high.

There is another method for obtaining "Eurodro" - extrusion. It is based on the fact that with a force of about 40 MPa, the mass is pushed through the calibrated holes by means of a screw, thus forming products in the form of cylinders or hexagons. At the exit, they are cut with special knives.

The performance of screw extruders is higher than that of mechanical or hydraulic presses.

Briquette marking
On the surface of briquettes made on industrial equipment, manufacturers often put an letter print. Basically, it is evidence of adherence to technology.

Buying such plants for the manufacture of their own hands and the procurement of fuel briquettes is irrational, for this there are other options.

Self-made briquettes

The main supplier of sawdust is a sawmill. It doesn’t matter what kind of wood, the main criterion is humidity. It should not go beyond 12%. In the total mass, the amount of spoiled wood should not exceed 5%.

Process description

This process does not differ in great complexity and, in general terms, consists of five stages:

  1. Raw material cleaning. It is necessary to remove dirt, excess impurities.
  2. Shredding. The size of the sawdust matters - a maximum of 0.6 cm.
  3. Pressing.
  4. Drying.
  5. Warehousing.

After the first preparatory stage, the mass is mixed with dry, powdered clay, a proportion of 10: 1. Then, adding a little water, begin to mix. It should be noted that the density of the mixture should be medium. The ability to maintain its shape, the duration of drying, and the final density of products depends on this indicator.

The next step is to ship the resulting mixture to the briquette of the briquetting equipment. Then the actual pressing in the molds. After all, it remains only to dry the finished briquettes well. Cardboard soaked in water is sometimes added to clay in a mixture. In this case, the combustibility of the fuel increases.

Homemade Presses

At home, you can make equipment in three versions:

  • with hydraulic drive;
  • with a manual drive;
  • with jacks.

Manual adaptation is the simplest. It can be attached to the wall. The frame for it is made of a steel pipe or corner by welding.

The simplest homemade machine

It is impossible to create a full-fledged technological line for the production of briquettes at home, because it is very expensive and requires large areas. Home craftsmen use homemade machines of various designs

We must not miss the moment that when the sawdust is large, they must be crushed before pressing. The simplest cutter is also suitable for this, but it is better to mechanize this process. Well, if the house has a machine for grinding grass, it will cope with the crushing of sawdust.

Some craftsmen fit outdated washing machines for this purpose. To do this, the activator is supplemented with knives.

Manual Drive Machine

The press for the production of sawdust briquettes at home is fixed on the wall with dowels. In the lower part of the structure, a stationary form is fixed.

Its geometry can be any. To control the mechanism, a lever is needed, therefore, a hinge is mounted on the upper crossbar, by means of which a pipe segment or a long metal stud is fixed.

The fixed form will serve as a matrix, and the punch is attached to the lever. It is important to correctly calculate the length of the pipe so that the punch fits freely into the die.

Wall press
For the free movement of the punch, a small clearance must be provided. To remove moisture from the mold, a hole is drilled in its bottom

The second version of the hand press is the floor mechanism. Its design is identical to the wall fixture, the only difference is that the welded bed, to which the main parts are attached, is installed on a flat horizontal surface.

Another type of manual equipment is a screw press. It is very easy to use. The lower part is a perforated molding container placed under the bed.

When tightening the screw, create the pressure necessary for pressing. The performance of such a device is very low. It takes a lot of time to load, tighten the screw, remove the finished product. Lever models have more potential.

Improved homemade option

Manual equipment can be improved by supplementing it with a jack or hydraulic press. The shape is made square or round. The base is welded from the channel. Racks - corner 100 x 100.

Round shapes are made from pipes with thick walls. The matrix is ​​perforated to leave the water released during compression. For the extraction of finished products, the bottom is made removable.

It is possible for this purpose to install a spring inside the matrix by attaching it to the bottom, but then it must be welded tightly. A disk is attached to the spring. When the product is formed, it is compressed, and when the rod makes a reverse stroke, it straightens and pushes the finished briquette out of the mold with a disk.

Installation for briquettes
It is impossible to obtain heavy-duty products at such an installation, but the briquette will be quite dense, convenient in shape and quite suitable for use.

The stem is made of a pipe with a diameter of about 3 cm. A punch, which enters the matrix with a small gap, is fastened to one end by welding. The opposite end of the rod is fixed to the hydraulic jack or press.

Before loading the raw materials, it must be mixed well. This requires a special container. Make it out of sheet steel or fit a drum from an old washing machine and install it on racks.Mixing can be done with a mixer or in a concrete mixer.

From the drum, the pulp enters for pressing into molds on a tray made of sheet steel. It is best to dry briquettes in the oven, but it is also possible in the sun. The main thing is that the humidity is minimal. Only a dry type of fuel will give such an amount of thermal energy, which is enough to heat the premises.

Stationary briquetting press

For the manufacture of such a press, a 2.5 kW engine will be required if work is to be done from a 220 V network. If a three-phase voltage is supplied, a 9 kW motor will do. In addition, you need a gearbox, shaft, bearing, screw, heating elements, relays for temperature control.

The engine, gearbox and other components are mounted on a welded frame from a corner. It is installed on racks made of pipes. The screw in this design consists of the spirit of the parts. One of the bottom transforms the sawdust into a loading tank, the second - acts as a punch. The role of the matrix is ​​performed by the pipe.

Heated Press
As a result of heating the wood pulp and steam penetrating into it, the plastic viscosity of the sawdust increases, which provokes the release of natural binding components. For this reason, sawdust can be loaded into the hopper without any additives.

Before starting the press, the pipe is heated by heating elements up to 260⁰. The heating is controlled by a relay. The briquette seal adjusts the square welded to the pipe. As a design flaw, large heat losses to the environment can be noted. But at the same time, the quality of briquettes is significantly increased.

How to calculate the need for fuel briquettes?

Having decided to transfer the heating of your home to sawdust briquettes, it is better to immediately calculate how much of them will be needed to last for the entire period. Here you need to take into account the temperature that must be maintained, the area of ​​the room, the thickness of the walls and other factors.

Ecological fuel quality also plays an important role. The heat transfer of 1 kg of high-quality briquettes can reach up to 4, 4 kW. From products manufactured at home to use in brick kilns or metal bath units, such a result will not be.

Suppose a house with an area of ​​100 m² is well insulated, the heating period lasts 190 days, the coefficient of operation of the boiler is 0.7. Then 100 x 190 x 24 x 0.7 x 70 = 22 344 kW. If we take into account that the furnace efficiency is 86%, the heat transfer will decrease to 3.9 kW. Investigator, you need a stock of briquettes 22 344: 3.9 = 5.7 tons.

Conclusions and useful video on the topic

Video # 1. An interesting version of a homemade machine for the production of briquettes from sawdust:

Video # 2. Preparation of the working mixture for briquettes:

Video # 3. Burning fuel briquettes in a boiler:

Self-made briquettes are within the power of everyone. This requires both physical and material costs, plus time. It is also necessary to take into account the moment that it is unlikely to be at home to achieve high quality at the level of Eurodroves.

Nevertheless, in the presence of raw materials, briquettes can be made, at least not for a full heating cycle, but for igniting firewood.

Tell us how to make sawdust briquettes with your own hands. Share useful technological nuances that are useful to site visitors. Please leave comments, ask questions, publish photos on the topic of the article in the block below.

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Visitors Comments
  1. Victor

    It takes me 8-10 tons of briquettes per season.The year before last they almost doubled in price, it became very expensive to buy them, and we have few manufacturers.
    The last time I bought briquettes made from seed husks due to poverty, I really liked how they burn (except that the chimney is quickly soaked). Now I thought that I could do them myself for my needs, nothing particularly complicated. I made cinder blocks for the fence, and this is something like that. Plus an oil mill is nearby, they always have husks. And I have a lot of materials for manufacturing a press. In the summer you can harvest and the savings will be serious.
    And I have where to store, there is a dry shed, and they can be wrapped in a film, they will be like branded ones!

  2. Bigfoot

    Sawdust briquettes are a fairly convenient fuel. It is easier to store due to its neat and approximately the same shape and size. When burned, they emit more heat than ordinary wood. Plus they burn almost twice as long. However, the cost of euro-woods exceeds the cost of ordinary firewood, so if you can make them yourself, then this is wonderful. The main problem in raw materials is sawdust. You can still find them for one batch, but it is problematic on a permanent basis.