How to choose a septic tank for giving: an overview and tips for choosing the best option
Living at the cottage allows not only to relax from the bustle of the city, but also to enjoy nature, clean air, and find peace. But so that nothing would prevent a good rest, you have to take care of the arrangement of the benefits of civilization - water supply, electricity and sewage, is not it?
Are you trying to figure out how to choose a septic tank for giving, so as not to overpay and miscalculate? We will help you in this matter - in our article the types of septic tanks, their structural and functional differences are considered. Indeed, to select the best utilizer, it is advisable to get acquainted with existing options.
Also, the material of the article is supplemented by recommendations for selection, colorful photos and useful videos on the manufacture and operation of different types of septic tanks.
The content of the article:
- Existing types and features of septic tanks
- Overview of popular septic tanks
- Selection criteria for a suitable septic tank
- Useful tips and nuances when buying
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Existing types and features of septic tanks
Manufacturers of sewer equipment offer a wide variety of options designed to facilitate suburban life.
Among the equipment options there are both simple and inexpensive models, and rather sophisticated biological sewage treatment plants.
It is rather difficult to choose one thing, especially if the owner of the cottage faced this question for the first time.
Types of utilizers and their features
In order to choose your ideal option among all the offers abounding in the market, you have to get to know more about the main features of existing equipment.
All septic tanks can be divided into 2 main types, differing in principle of action:
Consider each of these types of septic tanks in more detail.
Option # 1 - storage septic tanks
The first - storage septic tanks - are the simplest. They are a container designed to collect waste from the life of a person living in a country house. It can be made of any material.
The size of such a septic tank can be selected depending on the needs. Optimally when the storage capacity holds about 10 m3 drains.
In other words, such a septic tank resembles a cesspool in a modern design. From time to time, as it is filled, it is necessary to carry out cleaning, calling the sewer machine.
Such an operation cannot be carried out independently. This is the most basic drawback, because the cost of the services of trash cans is not small.
Therefore, all septic tanks of the accumulative type are ideal for small families or single summer residents who rarely visit the house.
The daily volume of effluents from all residents should be minimal in order to reduce the frequency of waste pumping from the storage tank.
Option # 2 - cleaning septic tanks
Cleaning septic tanks are more complex equipment that allows not only collecting, but also cleaning drains.
The cost will directly depend on:
- from the level of final cleaning;
- working principle;
- capacity volume;
- additional functions.
The level of cleaning can vary between 50-98%. Moreover, if at the outlet it is necessary to obtain industrial water with a degree of purification of up to 75% from a dirty liquid entering a septic tank through a sewer pipe, then a septic tank will be sufficient.
If the liquid component of the effluent needs to be decontaminated and cleaned at 95-98% for free discharge into the soil or gutter, the installation of a biological treatment station will be required.
Such a capacity has from three or more chambers, into which drains come in turn.In each compartment, mechanical or biological processes take place that make it possible to obtain a liquid with the smell of pure river water.
Moreover, it is completely safe for dumping on relief or watering trees, plants, shrubs.
Material for the manufacture of containers
All septic tanks are divided by the type of material used for their manufacture.
It could be:
Let us consider in more detail the features of each of these materials.
Using bricks to build a septic tank
Ofbrick build a wellcollecting sewage waste. It is laid out in a special way so that the water enters for additional purification, and all impurities remain inside the structure.
This is the most inexpensive septic tank option that you can equip yourself.
Moreover, when arranging it, it is important to calculate and do everything correctly in order to avoid environmental pollution by untreated liquid. Indeed, the entry of sewage waste into groundwater can infect drinking water from nearby wells.
Features of reinforced concrete structures
Many owners with skillful hands consider the best septic tank for giving reinforced concrete structure. But such a project will cost a lot and will not save from the arrangement of the zone for additional liquid purification.
Moreover, a concrete septic tank can be made by pouring everything in place or buying factory blanks.
The ideal option is to buy finished reinforced concrete rings with mounting chamfer at the edge for the construction of a sealed concrete structure.
But transportation and installation will require the involvement of special equipment. These are significant costs, and the cost of high-quality concrete can not be called small.
Metal storage and utilizers are much cheaper. But their main disadvantage is susceptibility to corrosion.
Even the best anti-corrosion coating does not save - after several years, aggressive effluents violate the tightness of the tank.
This can cause fecal waste to enter groundwater, contaminate it and soil, and create an unpleasant odor in nearby areas.
The use of polymer containers
And here polymer septic tanks made of polypropylene, fiberglass and low pressure polyethylene.
Fiberglass models are considered the most expensive and reliable. The material contains fiberglass and special resins, giving it improved characteristics.
They are able to last 50 years or more.
The shape of the polymer septic tanks can be round, rectangular. It can be cylindrical or cubic containers.
The advantages of a purchased septic tank over a homemade
The question of the independent manufacture of a septic tank arises before many summer residents. After all, buying a factory analogue can result in a pretty decent amount.
Hand-made construction of a sewer installation will require a lot of time and effort. But the total cost will be much lower.
Of course, polymer septic tanks with biological treatment at home cannot be made. But concrete or brick models will be quite within reach.
The feasibility of the construction depends on the skills of the owner, the number of residents, the frequency of visiting the cottage and the size of the site.
If the purpose of staying in the country is periodic care of the beds, then there is no point in starting a full-fledged construction of a sewer system. Here, you can get by with the purchase of an inexpensive drive with a call of vacuum trucks once every two years.
For more serious needs, if you have a full bathroom with a bathtub, sink, shower and toilet, a large treatment plant will be required. In order not to waste your time on its construction, it will be easier to order ready-made with installation service.
This option, if you have the financial ability, will be most acceptable - everything is fast, high quality.
You do not need to delve into all the wisdom of choosing a location, to understand the methods of supplying and discharging effluents, to study other nuances of arranging a local sewage system. All this can be safely entrusted to the masters.
Overview of popular septic tanks
The market offers a variety of models of treatment facilities. Here you can choose the most successful option that can meet the needs of a specific summer resident. All septic tanks can be conditionally divided into:
First - non-volatile - it is advisable to apply in an unstable supply of electricity or if you want to do without these costs.
These include storage tanks and septic tanks, which treat sewage by separating soluble and insoluble components.
Volatile options mainly consume a small amount of electricity. Many owners report a very small increase in their monthly electricity bills.
In the work of this group of septic tanks, aerators and pumping devices are involved, which ensures the highest possible degree of purification.
If we turn to specific models, we can highlight the most popular among users. Moreover, according to reviews of both seasonal summer residents and permanent residents, all septic tanks have proven themselves in the best way. The ratio of the quality of work and the money paid for them is quite acceptable.
According to the number of satisfied consumers and positive reviews, we can distinguish the following septic tanks:
The most popular models buyers recognize Tank, Astra, Topas. Moreover, the first model is non-volatile. There is also a favorable price and ease of installation.
All 3 options are compact, light weight, easy to install, high level of wastewater treatment to the state of process water and the possibility of self-service.
Tank and Triton are non-volatile. The remaining models from the above - are dependent on electricity.
As for the volume of the tank and the number of chambers for waste treatment, each manufacturer has several variations that can meet the needs of customers.
So, for example, Unilos can offer a solution for a cottage village of 150 people - this is the Astra 150 model.
Selection criteria for a suitable septic tank
To decide which septic tank is better to choose for your summer residence, you have to carefully analyze the source data.From the answers to simple questions it will depend on what characteristics the future sewage equipment should have.
To make a decision about a septic tank, you need the following information:
- the frequency of visiting the cottage;
- financial opportunities;
- groundwater table (groundwater level);
- type of underlying soil;
- land area;
- number of residents.
The frequency of the visit depends on which kind of utilizer is required. After all, if it is planned to spend summer vacations at the cottage, then such biological treatment plants as Astra, Topas and Topol will not work.
Aerobic bacteria will not survive long-term starvation. They need sewage waste and oxygen for quality work.
But these options will be ideal in opposite conditions. When a family of 3-5 people buys a summer house, considering in the future the possibility of year-round living, then it is worth taking seriously the arrangement of the sewage system.
If funds allow, then bioremediation stations will maximize the satisfaction of waste disposal requests.
In the presence of modest financial opportunities and a rare visit to the country, you can do with the storage capacity of plastic up to 10 m2. This option is convenient and easy to use - you can remove collected drains once a year.
Groundwater level and soil type directly affect the choice of treatment plant. With clay deposits and high GW, the option with a septic tank and filtration fields should be discarded immediately.
Purification of wastewater by 50-60% and directing them to the filtration fields is fraught with environmental pollution in conditions of increased GW.
Clay soils, sandy loam, loam, clay, are characterized by low filtration rates. They are classified as water-resistant and cannot absorb the liquid component of effluents.
Therefore, they are not suitable for the installation of soil post-treatment systems: filtration fields and absorbing wells.
On a clay base, drives are installed or sewers are arranged with the discharge of the purified liquid component of the sewer masses into the gutters. Disposal in soil under such conditions is prohibited.
The second compelling reason for diverting through the pipeline into the ditch is the too small distance between the ground water mirror and the conditional bottom of the filtration field or the absorption well. Between them should be at least 1 m.
With a small area of the site to arrange the filtering field is not possible. For these purposes, you will need to allocate at least 30 m2 and maintain the standard distance for removal from the house and other residential buildings.
The number of people permanently living in a summer cottage directly affects the choice of the required volume of a septic tank. Moreover, it is important to correctly calculate the amount of sewage waste for 3 days.
In order for a treatment plant to be able to perform its functions qualitatively during salvo discharge, its optimal load is required. This is especially true for biological treatment plants.
After weighing all the factors that influence the choice, you can safely proceed to purchase the perfect model for your summer cottage.
Useful tips and nuances when buying
Having figured out how to choose the right septic tank, you should listen to the useful tips coming from professionals. Firstly, it is best to choose equipment that requires minimal maintenance.
The simpler the system is built and the less control and intervention is needed, the easier will be the life of its owners. An ideal option, when the owner of the cottage itself can perform all the necessary manipulations with the treatment plant.
Secondly, you should try to choose energy independence. Many owners of permanent residences, stopping at dependent models, immediately take care of generators and spare batteries.
Indeed, such forethought will be needed not only for the functioning of the sewage system, but also for other consumers of electricity - microwaves, televisions, computers and other equipment.
The filtration well (it is also absorbing or absorbing) is designed for soil post-treatment of sewage treated in a septic tank.
As an independent structure, it can be used to receive and filter gray sewer masses - water contaminated during hygiene procedures, during cleaning, kitchen work coming from dishwashers and washing machines.
Thirdly, you should try to organize the discharge of treated effluents into the ground, and not onto the terrain. Otherwise, the effluent must be 98% clean so as not to create an environmental disaster in the area.
After all, untreated pollution is not only able to infect groundwater - they will create an unbearable stench in the entire district.
Fourth, the life of the selected septic tank should be equal to the life of the house itself. It is not less than 50-80 years. Accordingly, it is better to immediately discard the metal container as a drive.
You can focus on other materials - they can last 50 years or more without corrosion.
Fifthly, one should take seriously the choice of the installation site of the future purification system. It will not be amiss to focus on the norms and sanitary requirements for sewage equipment.
Also, each septic tank has its own recommendations set out in the corresponding instruction. It is on them that one should rely during installation.
Sixth, you need to read reviews about your favorite septic tank on independent resources, for example, on construction forums. Studying all the information about him, one should rely on serious regulatory literature, and not on advertising.
Seventh, stopping at the option of buying a station, it is more expedient to immediately order the installation. Indeed, its trouble-free functioning depends on proper installation.
It is worth remembering that the purchased septic equipment can qualitatively perform its functions at least 50. It is better not to save on its installation in order to avoid the negative consequences of errors.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Tips for choosing a septic tank suitable for specific conditions:
Tips in a video format about the pros and cons of various septic tanks:
Video for home masters who prefer to build a septic tank on their own:
Having studied all the nuances of choosing a septic tank, you can choose the most successful option for your summer cottage. A well-maintained plot with excellent functioning sewage system will allow the whole family to be in the fresh air in comfortable conditions. Moreover, local amenities that are not dependent on local authorities will please the next 50-80 years with their uninterrupted work.
Have you made a homemade septic tank for a summer residence? Or did you choose a finished design among the models on the market? Please tell us about your experience with using a septic tank and the nuances of service in the comments under our article.