How much does it cost to connect gas to a private house: the price of organizing gas supply
Planning to connect to a centralized gas supply system? This is a justified decision, because the cost of main methane in Russia is cheaper than any other fuel. However, gas pipelines should still be brought into the house from the nearest highway, which, you see, can be a rather expensive undertaking.
We will help you deal with the nuances of organizing gas supplies and tell you how to calculate the demand for natural gas and how to find out how much it costs to connect a gas to a private house. Detailed examples of calculations and possible costs during commissioning are discussed in our article.
Preliminary calculations will allow you to plan your expenses and outline an action plan for introducing gas into your home in the future. The formulas below in the article, along with visual photo instructions and thematic videos, will help you independently calculate the cost of connection and find out whether it will really be beneficial to use gas supply in your case.
The content of the article:
- The nuances of gasification of the cottage
- Categories of gasified facilities
- Calculation of maximum hourly gas consumption
- Calculation of the cost of connecting gas
- The cost of putting the pipeline into operation
- Gas connection price in Russian regions
- Central gas pipeline accessory
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
The nuances of gasification of the cottage
According to the terms of the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation for No. 1314 dated December 30, 2013effective since March 2014, the homeowner is not obliged to independently decide on the connection of his estate to the gas pipeline.
Coordination of the passage of the gas pipeline through the lands of other owners, preparation of technical specifications and the resolution of other "gas" issues have become completely the prerogative of the gas distribution organization (abbreviated as GRT).
It is OblGas or RayGas that are obliged to bring the gas pipeline to the borders of the applicant’s section on the application form.
The technical conditions for connecting gas to a private house, as well as the price of gasification, are part of the contract with the gas distribution companies.
Before, before the judgment №1314, TU was a separate document that served as a justification for the design and construction of the gas pipeline.Now the technical conditions are just an appendix to the gasification agreement, i.e. not an independent document.
Note that the technical conditions provided by the homeowner in a two-week period are preliminary.
Providing them with a gas distribution organization only reports on the permissibility of gasification and it is impossible to use these data for the gas pipeline. However, preliminary technical specifications are necessary only for industrial consumers with methane consumption over 300 m3/ h
Categories of gasified facilities
According to Decree No. 1314 of the Government of Russia, homeowners need to find out how much it costs now hold gas in their homes through an appeal to the regional gas distribution service.
First of all, household expenses for technological connection depend on the volume of gasification work. In this regard, three categories of capital objects are defined.
The first category of objects. The first category consists of private households with a total natural gas consumption of not more than 5 m3/ h
Small enterprises are equated to them, the technological equipment of which consumes no more than 15 m3/ h mixture of propane and butane. Those. the lowest gas connection fee is charged for cottages with an area of less than 300 m2 and small enterprises from the household sector.
Possible scope of work gas connection to the first category household is limited:
- the greatest distance from the main gas distributor to gas-consuming equipment is less than 200 m;
- gas pressure in the gas supply source - up to 0.3 MPa.
In addition, the laying of the inlet gas pipelines is carried out without the construction of reduction (pressure reduction) points of the main natural gas.
Gas connection fee for objects of the first category is 20,000-50,000 rubles (Clause 8 of the Appendix to the Order of the Federal Tariff Service of the Russian Federation No. 101-e / 3 dated 04/28/2014). The exact price is determined by the local distribution unit according to the conditions in the given territory, but cannot exceed 50,000 rubles.
The second category of objects. Among the objects of the second category are households, the connection of which requires distribution gas pipelines and / or the creation of main gas reduction points. Their estimated gas consumption is higher than the norm of the objects of the first category, a higher gas supply pressure is required (i.e. 0.6 MPa and more), etc.
In the private housing sector, facilities falling under the second category usually have an area of over 300 m2. For their gasification, standardized tariff rates are used, calculated according to the methodology developed by the Federal Tariff Service of the Russian Federation (Appendix to Order No. 101-e / 3 of 04/28/2014).
Note that the applicants of consumption of natural or artificial gas from 300 m3/ h and above, it is required to coordinate gas connections with the gas distribution system, which has a technological connection with the gas pipeline of the contractor.
The approval of the tariffs for connecting gas to households of the second category is carried out by the local executive authority of the REC (i.e. the regional energy commission).
The third category of objects. The objects of capital construction of the third category include farms that need an individual gasification project. For them, the amount is determined by the design estimates, previously passed the examination.
The amount of gasification costs for households of the third category is established by the REC relating to the location of the economy connected to the main gas.
The following conditions are considered characteristic features of applicants' facilities in need of gasification:
- planned consumption of natural gas from 500 m3/ h;
- work on connecting to the gas pipeline requires the removal of the pipeline through the forest fund, along rocky soils, swamps and water obstacles;
- gas pipeline installation work requires passage through obstacles that force the use of horizontal directional drilling.
Those. According to Government Decision No. 1314 there are practically no rigid prices for technological connection of applicants to the gas network. The cost of gasification works depends on a number of conditions that determine its size in the framework of the relevant methods of the FTS of the Russian Federation.
Calculation of maximum hourly gas consumption
Owners of private farmsteads may well be guided by the norm of gas consumption of 5 m3/ h (the first category of gasified farms) - this volume for domestic use is most often enough.
However, it is possible to independently calculate the estimated gas consumption of the heating equipment using the formula:
B = q103/ nP·1,163·8000,
- B - natural gas consumption by household equipment, m3/ h;
- q - the performance of gas-consuming equipment for heat, kW;
- nP - Efficiency of gas consuming equipment (usually 90-92%);
- 1,163 - the value of the conversion factor kW to kcal;
- 8000 - calorific value of natural gas (lower), kcal / nm3.
Using this formula, we consider the peak consumption of heating equipment. For example, the heated area of the cottage is 120 m2 and for its heating it is planned to use a 12 kW boiler with an efficiency of 90%.
B = 12 · 1000 / 0.9 · 1.163 · 8000 = 12000: 8373.6 = 1.5 m3/ h (with rounding)
The thermal power of other household appliances must be determined from the data sheets. A gas four-burner stove with an oven, for example, usually has 10 kW of power.
Then its peak gas consumption will be (efficiency is not taken into account):
B = 10 · 1000 / 1.163 · 8000 = 10000: 9304 = 1.1 m3/ h (with rounding)
Having calculated the maximum consumption of natural gas per hour of each consumer in the house and summing it up, we obtain the value of the required gas consumption per hour (MWRH) for the entire household.
Calculation of the cost of connecting gas
Work on connecting natural gasand they are divided into two groups of tasks - bringing the gas pipeline from the gas distribution network to the applicant’s section and withdrawing the gas pipeline from the section to the consuming equipment.
However, the gas distribution organization (if it is permissible to connect the household to the gas main) is only responsible for laying the gas pipeline to the border of the site.
The internal section of the gas pipeline is designed and created for a fee, and not necessarily the same company that was involved in bringing the gas pipes to the site.
The amount required to bring the gas pipeline to the site for households of the first category will not exceed 50,000 rubles. For other categories, the cost of gas pipeline withdrawal is determined by calculating standardized tariff rates according to the formulas specified in chapter III of the appendix to Order of the Federal Tariff Service of the Russian Federation No. 101-e / 3y.
As for how much it costs lay a pipeline for gas supply for the plot, the size of the total cost depends entirely on the regional and territorial location of the household.
For example, the approximate composition and amount of the estimates for installing a gas pipeline from a border outlet to gas consumers inside a house in the Moscow Region are as follows:
- Preparation of the design geo-basis (plan for the topography of the site), its approval by government departments - 20,000-35,000 rubles.
- Gas supply project development - 35 000-55 000 rubles. Its price depends on the pressure in the supply gas pipeline, on the number of gas consuming equipment.
- Project approval gas supply - 15,000-30,000 rubles. This amount contains payment on accounts of enterprises and services, whose approval is mandatory. For example, 5,000 rubles are paid to the regional architecture of the MSC, 5,000 rubles to the MOESK (electric power), 4,000 rubles to Mosoblgaz. and so forth
- Project Registration and its technical supervision in Mosoblgaz will amount to 5% of the total amount of work on installing the gas pipeline.
Next are construction and installation works on a finished and coordinated project that determines their cost. For example, for a cottage with an area not exceeding 300 m2 the price of these works may be 165,000-250,000 rubles. depending on the complexity of the device and the connection of the system.
The cost of putting the pipeline into operation
The actual construction of gas communications on the site does not mean the end of costs. The pipeline still needs commissioning, otherwise it cannot be used.
For the commissioning of the gas pipeline at the site, you need:
- control and executive shooting (preparation, registration) - 15 000-35 000 rub. The shorter the pipeline, the cheaper the CIS;
- inspection of ventilation ducts and chimneys in the form of an act - approximately 5 000 rub.;
- boiler grounding (protocol and outline sketch) - order 5 000 rub.;
- inspection of isolating compounds in the form of an act - 7 000 rub. for each;
- verification of executive technical documentation - 4 000 rub.;
- call of Mosoblgaz inspectors - approximately 3 000 rub.;
- preparation of a gas inlet service contract - until 2 000 rub;
- re-approval of the project will cost a maximum of 4 000 rub.
At the end of works on the operational commissioning of the gas pipeline, it is necessary to draw up the technical documentation in the RES of the local gas service, sign it in the trust of the gas economy and submit it to the archive.
Next, make a record on the gas insert and initial start-up. For the Moscow Region, the cost of ITD and the launch of the gas pipeline will be about 35 000-5 0000 rubles.
Gas connection price in Russian regions
The cost of gasification of the site in many ways connected with his whereabouts. The largest amount for connecting to the gas network will have to pay homeowners in the Moscow region - 400 000-700 000 rubles. (most expensive within the borders of Moscow).
For owners of suburban cottages in the Leningrad Region, gas will cost less than in the metropolitan area - in the region of 300,000 rubles.
Gasification is the cheapest in the European regions of the Russian Federation, where the commissioning of a gas pipeline to a section can be carried out for 70,000-120,000 rubles. And in the Nizhny Novgorod region, the connection of a home gas network with a natural gas pipeline costs about 150,000-200,000 rubles.
In the regions in eastern Russia, the gas pipeline network is poorly developed, since there are much fewer industrial centers there than in the western regions. For example, in the Novosibirsk region, the costs of private homeowners for gasification will be at least 200,000 rubles.
The most difficult situation is with gas pipelines in areas in the Far East, where there are extremely few gas pipelines. Local owners of the plots, even those belonging to the first category of applicants, will spend an average of 200,000-250,000 rubles. to supply gas to your cottage.
Central gas pipeline accessory
Most of gas pipelines low pressure in Russia is owned by local gas distribution companies, i.e. state enterprises responsible for gas supply and gasification in this region. But the closest gas pipeline to a site in need of natural gas may not be state, but departmental or private communications.
For example, in relatively remote settlements from gas centers, gas pipelines often belong to local residents on the basis of a partnership agreement. Also in summer cottages - gas pipelines in them, like other local infrastructure, are private, owned by summer cottages.
Negotiations on connecting to such gas networks will have to be with their owners, and state tariffs will most likely not suit them.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Video # 1. A guide for a homeowner on how to gasify his plot:
Video # 2. The successive stages of connecting the gas pipeline to a private household:
To find out the actual situation with the gasification of your site, you do not need to drag time. By contacting your local gas distribution organization, you can establish the very possibility of connection, determine its cost. Still, heating a house with natural gas is cheaper than wood or coal.
Do you want to talk about how much it cost you to connect the main gas to a private house, or tell us how much time it took to get permits from the administration? Please write comments in the block below. Here you can ask questions or point out flaws in the article.