The rate of gas consumption per 1 person per month in a house without a meter: the principle of calculating gas costs
Surely you do not like to overpay, especially if you know that expenses could have been avoided. An example is gas prices. If the basis of pricing is the rate of gas consumption per person per month, then in fact the client will pay for others or for the amount that is not consumed. You must admit that you do not mind mastering this aspect in order to help yourself first, and then to give advice to others.
There are no big difficulties and secrets in calculating the price of blue fuel. At the same time, legal nuances can strongly “mix cards” for a simple consumer. He may be left without a discount or incorrectly assess the benefits. Find out what the gas tariff consists of, what consumption standards are in place now and what to do to pay less.
The content of the article:
Gas cost calculation
For economic feasibility, blue fuel is supplied with a centralized wiring of gas supply networks. The final tariff for energy is formed on the basis of the price and volume of gas consumed previously approved for the region.
The cost of fuel includes the costs of extraction and transportation of energy. It will also include the costs of materials and the construction of gas pipelines for the extraction of fuel and its distribution. Consumers have to cover the amount of taxes and the amounts spent on the security of the industry.
Regional power structures have the right to introduce their own coefficients for pricing, but only according to the generally accepted methodology for the whole country. From year to year, tariffs are indexed taking into account the level of inflation. Prices bring in line with the economic situation and, at the same time, correlate them with the cost of living.
For low-income and unprotected citizens, as well as for large families, orphans, retirees, rural doctors and teachers, labor veterans, military personnel and their families, the legislation of Russia provided benefits for installing meters and special rates. The decision to include certain population groups in the preferential category is made by regional authorities.
At the federal level, there are discounts for holders of the highest state awards, disabled people, families with children with disabilities, juvenile prisoners of concentration camps, families of dead military personnel.
Local energy and tariff departments will give a discount on gas, if there is compliance with the following points:
- the consumer presented documents confirming belonging to one or another category;
- no debt for utilities;
- the subscriber paid for gas no later than the 10th day.
Local governments set retail prices.
For each dwelling, there is a limitation of 8.1 m³ of gas per month, which falls under preferential consumption. With a missing gas heater, the norm is 5.3 m³. For a room with a meter and gas boiler, the limit was set at 12.7 m³. 10.6 preferential cubic meters of gas are allocated for cooking.
AT Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 761 we are talking about subsidies for consumers of utilities, including gas. The legal act regulates the issue of regional standards of the normative area for calculating benefits, local standards for the cost of housing services. The document did not bypass the burden on the total income of families: the maximum share of expenses on housing and utilities was established.
Benefits of using a gas meter
In order not to depend on gas standards, in an apartment / house you will have to set counter. The device will give benefits primarily to those who consume fuel in small quantities.
In the case of gas meters, they comply with the following requirements:
- Quality standards for metrological instruments.
- The requirement to purchase equipment in accordance with the parameters of the gas mixture.
- Verification periods and standard service times.
- Standards for creating a personal gas management project.
- The requirement to involve an organization with a license for installation and only if it has permits.
After installing the gas metering device, it must be sealed by an employee of the controlling structure. The characteristics of the counter can be found in the passport to the product. It is impossible to commission gas meters that are not in the list of the State Register.
The design features of the meter ideally allow you to adjust the indicators in connection with changes in temperature conditions. No one will force you to buy just such a device, but if it is not there, then a subscriber will be applied to the subscriber. The climatic conditions of the region and the differentiation by months are put in the last parameter.
In Russia, including the following general coefficients:
- 1.00 - June, July;
- 1.01 - August, May;
- 1.02 - September;
- 1.04 - April;
- 1.06 - October;
- 1.07 - November, March, December;
- 1.09 - January, February.
The price of blue fuel also depends on the amount of gas consumed. The subscriber will pay a much larger amount if he does not invest in the prescribed framework.
Within the limit, the cost approaches the minimum values.Such an approach will not be the most pleasant, but still - this is better than paying "blindly." Consumers are required to report monthly indicators on the gas supplier’s meter.
Norms of gas consumption without meter
The volumes of gas consumed depend on the presence / absence of equipment of various types. The level of income of the owners affects to a lesser extent, as does the geographical location - in the northern region, the level of consumption may be lower than in the southern.
One way or another, the indicator varies depending on the area. According to the norm of gas consumption in a house without a meter, 1 person uses about 10 cubic meters per month.
For Muscovites and residents of the region from July 1, 2019, a norm of 10 m³ / person is in effect. The same amount of gas is consumed by an average resident of the Novosibirsk region. A little more blue fuel is used in Yekaterinburg and the Sverdlovsk region.
In the Krasnodar Territory and Nizhny Novgorod Region, the norm was set at 11 m³ / person. per month. Living in the Samara, Leningrad and Omsk regions consume almost the same amount of gas per person - 13 cubic meters over the same period. The listed standards work in relation to the population: owners and residents of the living space.
Factors Affecting Gas Consumption
The consumption standard is set for six months or a year. The indicator is formed on the basis of only 5 criteria:
- the subscriber lives in a residential building, with central heating, centralized hot water (DHW), gas stove;
- the consumer uses gas stoves, central heating, but he does not have a centralized hot water supply;
- there is no centralized hot water supply and gas stove, but a gas water heater (boiler) is working;
- the subscriber has a gas stove and a water heating device;
- the norm for heating is 1 m² per month.
During the year, for each prescribed in an apartment or house, an amount is charged for gas for cooking and heating water.
During the heating period, which usually occurs in October - April, they also make a calculation for 1 m² of heated area.
There are such areas of gas consumption:
- the consumer prepares food and heats the water on a gas stove;
- the subscriber heats water using water heater;
- tenants use a boiler at the same time as there is no centralized hot water supply, and also heat water and cook food on a gas stove;
- the consumer uses gas for heating and other purposes (other than those specified in the next paragraph);
- the client heats and / or generates energy using boilers of all types and / or other equipment, which is in common shared ownership of the owners of residential premises in apartment buildings.
The last option includes 3 levels of fuel consumption: up to 10 thousand m³ / year, from 10 to 100 thousand m³ / year and over 100 thousand m³ / year.
Calculation of the tariff for the population
The minimum allowable value limits were determined in Annex to Government Decision No. 373. They relate to just the same subscriber belonging to any territory.
In drawing up these regional norms, local characteristics were taken into account. For one cubic meter of gas, residents of Russia pay from 5 to 9 rubles.
The amount of payment is established taking into account the area of the heated space of residential and non-residential purposes.The number of registered and temporary residents, the level of well-being also matters.
The indicators will ultimately indicate the norm for 1 person per month and the cost of fuel consumed during this period. Customers have the right to demand a recalculation of the total cost of gas if the number of residents actually differs from the applicable data.
Owners of agricultural buildings pay for the gas that goes to livestock. One horse consumes an average of 5.2–5.3 m³ per month, a cow - 11.4–11.5 m³, a pig - almost twice as much, 21.8–21.9 m³ per month.
Ways to save fuel
The main opportunity to reduce costs is to install a meter. The formula with payment for the consumed volume will be beneficial primarily for the population: the gas consumption norms in the case of 90% of apartments will exceed the actual consumption. Charges based on standards will lead to increased financial burden.
- Payment for consumed volume: minimum and increased tariffs apply.
- Payment according to standards: domestic use of gas, the number of residents and the area of housing matter.
One way to save money is to maintain normal condition. gas equipment. Frequent checks of gas-using devices will allow us to identify technical failures in time, which not only lead to increased gas consumption, but also carry a danger.
A non-working boiler will consume at least 1 cubic meter of fuel per day. The heating efficiency of individual rooms is enhanced by sensors with preset indicators for automatic boiler systems.
Savings can be achieved simply by preventing the penetration of cold air masses, as well as by optimizing the microclimate in the house or apartment. Eliminate heat leakage reliable thermal insulation in combination with the sealing of window structures and door frames.
Monitoring of temperature conditions will also give a result. It is enough to reduce the intensity of heating during periods of absence and monitor the temperature regime, and the money will remain with the consumer.
Standard practice calls for regulating the flow of energy into the devices of individual rooms. In cool rooms, surfaces are insulated with carpets and other heat-insulating coatings.
Competent consumers pay attention to ventilation system. It is known that ventilation of the supply type in the kitchen with a decrease in pressure in the room will intensively supply cold air from the outside.
Even at the stage of purchasing household gas devices, you should ask about their efficiency and efficiency in terms of energy efficiency. In the documentation for devices, this information is usually there.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Installation of smart devices for metering gas consumption, the so-called smart meters - an opinion on the initiative of the authorities:
A legal way how to save gas by warming a gas pipe without resorting to significant costs:
Summing up, we note that no matter how many cubic meters of gas there are per person, there will be less options for saving without a counter. Depending on the region, cooking and heating water accounts for 10 to 13 m³ of gas per person per month. The indicator is adjusted based on the gas equipment used, upward.
The estimated consumption per square meter during the heating period is many times lower than the maximum standards per person and one and a half to two times less than the minimum. As for the price per cubic meter, it lies in the corridor between 5 and 9 rubles per 1 m³ of fuel.
Communicate with other readers, ask questions. Perhaps someone will come closer to solving their problem after reading exactly your comment. Be sure to use the form below if you have valuable experience. Tell us how you achieved a positive result in terms of saving gas or recalculating its consumption, what actions were taken to do this.