How to transfer a gas pipe in an apartment: transfer rules and location tips
The gas communication device in the apartment is subject to certain requirements, therefore, the independent installation and connection of equipment, as well as the transfer of a gas pipe to another place is strictly prohibited.
All issues regarding the laying of internal and external gas pipelines are decided by the gas service, without the permission of which you can only move the stove to a limited distance.
We will tell you how to get approval for the replacement of the gas pipeline, and also describe the technology for transferring the in-house pipeline. The proposed instructions are not a guide to action, all work must be carried out by a representative of the gas service.
The content of the article:
- Reasons for moving gas pipes in the kitchen
- Obtaining approval for the replacement of the gas pipeline
- General requirements and regulations
- Procedure for transferring or replacing
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Reasons for moving gas pipes in the kitchen
All work on the transfer and replacement of metal pipes, especially those requiring welding, is carried out by representatives of gorgaz or another authorized organization. After receiving a statement from the residents, they are always interested in the reasons for the planned transformations.
Most often, you need to change the wiring of pipes in the kitchen without changing the layout and transferring equipment to other rooms.
The reasons may be different:
- replacing old equipment - buying a gas water heater, stove or boiler - for which a little more space is needed;
- major repairs in the kitchen;
- moving the gas stove from the window by 0.5-2 m towards the sink;
- change of place gas meter installation;
- transfer of a horizontally located pipe from a great height under the countertop, etc.
Often, pipe transfer is required in new buildings, where the initial location of significant kitchen facilities does not lend itself to logic and explanation: suppose if in a 15-meter kitchen a gas stove is near the window, the sink is in the opposite corner, and the hood is on the other side, above the entrance to the kitchen.
We have to correct the mistakes of the designers, move the stove closer to the sink, so that cooking takes place in comfortable conditions.
The most common reason is the purchase of a new kitchen set with built-in equipment (oven and hob). In this case, the pipes must either be shortened or extended, depending on the planned installation site of the devices.
If you want to know how best to transfer the gas pipe in the apartment with redevelopment, we recommend that you contact the design organization to draw up a transfer scheme.
The fact is that in typical city apartments it is forbidden to reinstall risers, pipes, as well as any gas equipment in living rooms, and even permission to combine a kitchen and a room is also required.
Obtaining approval for the replacement of the gas pipeline
Whether transfer is possible or not, only authorized bodies can decide, that is, the gas service of your city (region). Only a qualified specialist is entitled to engage in any dismantling and installation work. Of course, without coordination, the transfer of pipes cannot be carried out.
The permission is issued in the following sequence:
- Find out the contact details of the gas service at the place of registration, contact specialists, explain the situation, consult.
- Make a statement (in a standard form) that will “start” the approval process.
- Based on the application, a gas service representative arrives at your home. Time is specified in advance.
- The specialist inspects, listens to wishes, answers questions. Often at this stage you have to change plans, since the desired transfer does not meet the safety requirements (a preliminary study of the gas pipeline installation standards will save you from this unpleasant moment).
- Approval of the final transfer scheme, budgeting. All documents are executed by the organization that provides the services. Without the consent of the landlord, work is not performed.
- If the conditions of the transfer are satisfactory, pay for the service on receipt and agree on the start time.
The approval process usually takes several days; it can be extended for a long period for one reason only: if the property owners and gas service representatives have not found a compromise.
Any offending factors gas stove installations (boilers, meters, columns), can cause a failure in the transfer of pipes.
General requirements and regulations
In order for the coordination process to go smoothly, it is better to familiarize yourself with the basic provisions of the gas system in residential premises in advance. As a cheat sheet, you can use the regulatory document - SNiP 2.04.08-87 * (current version).
If the walls and ceiling are made up of flammable materials (wood), they must be plastered or coated with metal sheets.
Gas pipes are used to transport fuel to consumers - stoves, ovens, columns, so the location of the equipment is important no less than pipe layout.
It is also necessary to know that the stopcock cannot be cut off the pipe. This is an essential element of the gas system. Moreover, when changing the location and gas tap replacement, you must ensure that it is in direct accessibility.
If it is placed under the countertop, access should be through the cabinet door (without the back wall) or through the opening fragment of the countertop.
Procedure for transferring or replacing
It is not recommended to change anything yourself, even flexible eyeliner. The cutting, extension or transfer of pipes should be carried out by a gas service representative. However, to know the sequence and some nuances of actions when working with pipes will not hurt the owner of the house.
# 1: Preparing to work with pipes
Usually a team of workers (most often 2 people) comes within the next week after approval. At this point, it is already known which sections will be dismantled or extended, whether additional equipment will be installed, for example, gas water heater. Consider what else is worth considering.
All equipment used in the kitchen belongs to the owner of the apartment and is purchased at his expense, therefore, it is better to immediately ask what else you need to buy to transfer appliances and work with pipes.
If you are talking about connecting a stove or oven, you will have to buy a bellows hose of a certain length. Installers bring metal pipes with them, their cost is included in the total amount of payment for services.
In order to avoid hitches, and the work went quickly, you need to free up space from excess furniture or other items. Everything that cannot be removed must be covered with a dense non-combustible material.
# 2: dismantling the old structure
Most likely, when transferring the pipe, you will need to cut off a piece of the old and build up a new one, but in a different direction. To do this, the master, using a special tool, removes unnecessary pipe sections.
When dismantling the outlet leading from the riser to the consumer, it is necessary to leave a small area on which the gas valve is mounted. This horizontal piece of pipe can neither be removed nor changed. The only exception is pipeline damage requiring a complete replacement.
Sometimes residents of the last floors require that they remove a large fragment of a pipe rising 1.8 m from floor to ceiling, and then bent down 180 °. It is strictly forbidden to cut the pipe and install on the left segment the crane. The only way out is to digest the pipe so that the crane can be installed under the countertop, to a height of 0.75 m.
# 3: Gas distribution options
The transfer of pipes always occurs according to one scheme: they are moved parallel to the ceiling or walls, since diagonal and any curved placement is prohibited. Therefore, most often the layer from the riser is lowered down, under the countertop (less often raised), or a vertical fragment is transferred to the right / left.
When changing the direction of the pipes, remember the following rules:
- internal gas wiring is an open system, all covering elements are camouflage in nature and should not be firmly fixed;
- it is forbidden to lay the pipeline through ventilation ducts, as well as doors and windows;
- metal structures are mainly used; flexible eyeliners allowed at equipment connection areas, but their length should not exceed 3 m;
- a rigid method of connecting pipes and hoses with pipes is used;
- pipe transitions through walls / partitions are equipped with special adapters - sleeves.
Any work associated with the transfer of pipes should begin with a gas shutoff. The service provider is responsible for this.
# 4: Welding metal pipes
According to the norms of SNiP, any changes in the position of the pipes must occur by welding. Pluggable connections of two segments are prohibited.
Threaded connections are used only for the installation of gas meters, household equipment and valves.
Places fired by welding have an unpresentable appearance, and also require protection against corrosion. After finishing work, they must be treated with waterproof paint for metal, matched to the color of the walls.
# 5: Using bellows hoses
Before you build up or move the gas pipe, you need to consider the option flexible transition mounting. It is carried out using a bellows hose.
Previously, rubber and rubber-fabric products were used, but the bellows was stronger than outdated materials. At its core, it is a metal or composite corrugation, but having unique qualities.
For a long time, it retains tightness and elasticity even with active mechanical stress. The shell structure is maintained even under strong pressure of the transported medium or at constant mechanical stress.
Bellows connectors are also installed by a gas service worker. He performs the connection of boilers, columns, stoves and ovens in accordance with all the rules of the PUE and, if necessary, uses adapters and seals, for example, FUM tape.
They try to hide gas pipes in the kitchen behind decorative panels or furniture. Pipeline masking options are described in this article.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
With the advent of long flexible hoses, the transfer of the internal gas pipeline has become less relevant, but in some cases it is still necessary to contact the gas service. The most common reasons for requests are in the video provided.
Secrets of masking gas pipes:
About pipe and crane transfer:
Welding and meter transfer:
Finally - about the consequences of the illegal transfer of gas pipes. If you plan to cut off a piece of a gas pipe or connect household equipment, you should be aware of the administrative and criminal penalties.
The minimum fine for unauthorized work is 2 thousand rubles, and if a person suffers as a result of improper work, then he faces up to 5 years in prison.
To all those interested in the issue of transferring a gas pipe in an apartment, we suggest leaving comments and asking questions. The contact form is located in the lower block.