DIY propane gas burner: step-by-step instructions for assembling home-made burners

Vasily Borutsky
Checked by a specialist: Vasily Borutsky
Author: Julia Oschepkova
Last update: December 2019

For owners of suburban real estate, and just for those who like to craft things that are useful in the household, periodically there is a need to solder something. For this purpose, a gas burner is well suited, with which you can heat parts for their subsequent processing, solder or repair the roof.

You must admit that now it is not a problem to purchase a high-temperature burner in a hardware store, but such a device will cost several times more than a home-made one. And the burner will work no worse than the factory counterpart.

From our material you will learn how to assemble a gas burner with your own hands on propane, what tools and materials will be required for this.

Propane burner device

Before proceeding with the independent production of a gas burner, it is worthwhile to understand its design features and the principle of operation.

Typically, a propane burner consists of the following elements:

  • housing;
  • lever;
  • distribution nozzle;
  • gas hose;
  • gas pipe;
  • propane tank;
  • gearbox;
  • clamps for fastening.

Propane is supplied through a hose from a cylinder under pressure. The volume of gas is regulated by a working valve on the cylinder, but for safety reasons it is worthwhile to additionally install a reduction gear.

Propane burner device
These are the main elements that will be present in a home-made device. But depending on the chosen modification, the design may vary slightly

A shut-off valve is used to open / close the gas supply. It is located behind the main valve. Adjustment of the flame intensity is carried out using a working crane.

At one end of the gas hose through which gas is supplied, a special nozzle is attached, at the end of which a nipple is located. The nipple, together with the gas tube, is placed in a metal cup, where, in fact, the creation of a combustible mixture takes place.

Further, the combustible mixture through the nozzle under pressure enters the combustion region.To maintain a uniform combustion process, holes are specially provided in the nozzle.

Having familiarized yourself with the design features of the device, you can begin to create a gas burner with your own hands, especially since it is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance.

DIY instructions

Next, we will talk about several options for homemade propane burners that you can do yourself. In order to build the simplest burner it will not take a lot of strength and skills, but you will have to work harder to create the other two options.

Option 1 - the simplest burner from a piece of pipe

To build such a burner will require very little time and effort. But the process of creating a homemade product must be approached with all responsibility, because you will have to work with an explosive substance and any error in the design of the device can lead to sad consequences.

Using such a device, it is possible to heat metal blanks for forging or heat them up before welding, and it is also possible to repair bitumen roofs. For the owner of a private house, such home-made work in the household will certainly not be superfluous.

Propane gas burner
Properly made propane burner will last a long time. With it, you can perform many household tasks, without using a number of expensive tools

To make a homemade gas burner you will need the following tools and materials:

  • two pieces of pipe of different diameters;
  • fitting;
  • gas hose;
  • gearbox;
  • propane tank;
  • welding machine;
  • Bulgarian.

Having prepared all the tools and materials, you can proceed with the assembly of the propane burner. But before that, we recommend that you read the rules safe work with grinder.

As you can see, there is nothing complicated in self-assembly of a gas burner. After studying the instructions and having at hand the necessary set of tools and materials, the assembly of the device will take no more than an hour.

Option 2 - a powerful gas burner

We also suggest trying to assemble a more complex structurally, but also a more powerful burner.

To build this option you will need a little more tools and materials, but the result will not disappoint you.

Homemade propane burner
Such a propane burner can be used, for example, for melting metal in a furnace, for burning weeds in its own area, as well as for other purposes.

So, for the construction of a propane burner, you need to prepare the following materials:

  • couplings - 1/2 ”and 1/4”;
  • threaded barrel - 1/2 ”and 1/8”;
  • a plug with a female thread - 1/8 ";
  • the foot - 1/4 ”* 1/8”;
  • nipple - 1/2 ”;
  • quick coupling for low pressure gas equipment;
  • propane flow regulator - 0.068-0.34 atmospheres;
  • thread sealant;
  • a metal sheet;
  • self-tapping screws;
  • drills - 6.4 mm and 0.8 mm.

Preference is best given to brass products. In addition, to design a homemade product you will need the following set of tools: adjustable wrench, drill, punch, solder and flux, blowtorch.

Having prepared everything you need, you can start assembling the device.

During operation, do not forget that propane is an explosive gas, and any non-compliance with safety regulations can lead to irreversible consequences.

Therefore, before testing the device, it is imperative to check all connections for leaks. And only after making sure that there is no leak, you can begin to work with homemade.

Option 3 - Miniature Burner Model

Let's look at another version of a propane-fired gas burner. This miniature gas burner is often called the Bunsen burner.

A feature of this device is that it can be freely held in hands without fear of getting a burn. Let's try to assemble it with our own hands.

For work you will need:

  1. Old gas burner.
  2. Thin copper pipe 10 meters.
  3. Copper wire.
  4. Needle with a medical syringe.
  5. Bolt number 8.

Having prepared all the necessary materials, you can begin to create our homemade product.

To do this, use the following instruction:

Now you know how to build a gas burner with your own hands and what it will take. As you can see, there is nothing complicated in this, it is enough to follow the rules for safe operation of the equipment, which we will talk about a bit below.

Rules for the safe operation of equipment

Gas cylinder equipment, if used improperly, can cause a major explosion or fire.

When carrying out welding work, it is definitely worth using personal protective equipment: glasses, gloves, special shoes.

Gas burner in operation
Before starting work, you need to carefully inspect the equipment for damage. If equipment is dirty, be sure to remove dirt.

You can work with propane cylinders only in well-ventilated rooms, while the air temperature should not be lower than 0 ° С.

Absolutely forbidden:

  1. Work near open flames.
  2. Keep the container tilted when working.
  3. Place vessels under the sun.
  4. Carry out work without gear.
  5. Heat the gearbox over an open flame.

In addition, if you smell gas, you must immediately stop working and close the valve on the cylinder. We also recommend that you familiarize yourself with the main causes of the explosion of cylinders with gas.

Working without personal protective equipment, you can get a burn, not only from open fire, but also from accidental contact with hot parts.

If the considered home-made burners do not suit you, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with other options for manufacturing useful home-made burners discussed in our articles, - blowtorch torch and burner for a bath stove.

Conclusions and useful video on the topic

The video will discuss how to make a propane gas burner yourself:

Having at hand a small supply of tools, a gas burner diagram and the necessary materials, every home craftsman can assemble a propane burner. It is important to comply with fire safety regulations and use only high-quality materials approved for use in the domestic gas supply system.But if you are not confident in your own abilities, it is better to purchase such a device in a store.

If you had to assemble a propane burner yourself, please share your knowledge with our readers, tell us which option you have chosen. Why he was chosen and whether there were difficulties in the process of work. Perhaps you have a diagram of the device and a photo of the finished homemade product - apply visual information in the discussion of the material.

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