Assembly and installation of the chandelier: detailed instructions for installing and connecting with your own hands
The selection and installation of lighting fixtures is one of the most enjoyable steps in decorating your home. A beautiful chandelier with a spectacular design can become the "heart" of the entire design of an apartment or house. Properly selected lighting can emphasize all the advantages of the room and hide possible flaws.
However, the assembly and installation of the chandelier is often fraught with certain difficulties. Particularly often, problems arise when connecting models with an abundance of shades to the switch for a few keys.
But often homeowners can still do without the services of a specialist and install the chandelier on their own. In this material we will consider the main stages of assembly and installation, we will talk about the intricacies of the electrical connection of the lighting device and provide step-by-step installation instructions with visual photos and useful video materials.
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Stages of assembly and connection of the chandelier
In fact, the installation of any chandelier goes through two main stages: mechanical and electrical. In the first case, all parts are connected into a single structure. During electrical assembly, the master needs to correctly connect all the wires, dividing them into separate groups, in order to correctly connect the device to circuit breaker.
Let us consider in more detail the main stages of installation and connection of the chandelier
Stage # 1 - mechanical assembly of the structure
Most manufacturers of lighting equipment supplement their products with detailed assembly schemes, which greatly facilitate the process of connecting all parts. However, even if there is no instruction, it is possible to understand the structure of even the most complex structure.
Most often, suppliers pack disparate details of the chandelier, forming functional blocks. Plafonds are placed separately from the horns, as is the case itself,terminals and other details.
After you make sure that the complete set of the chandelier and the integrity of the individual elements, you can proceed to the assembly of the device.
- Assemble the upper body. To do this, install a decorative plate on the chandelier stem, fixing the structure with a nut.
- Fix the horns on which the shades will be. To do this, unscrew the decorative nut above the protective cover of the housing. After removing the nut, place the horn in a special hole on the body and fix it with the same nut.
After the mechanical assembly of the chandelier, it is worth checking the symmetry of the arrangement of the horns. If the structure looks organic, carefully tighten the fasteners with a wrench. Decor and shades are installed after connecting the device to the mains and installing the chandelier on the ceiling.
Stage # 2 - splitting wires into groups
The way the wires are distributed depends on the type of switch with which the structure will be paired. Connecting to a single-key product is the simplest, and the wiring device for two or more working keys requires a more complex approach, since in this case the wires are distributed into several groups.
Each horn design has its own wires that connect to the main cable of the chandelier. For convenience, their winding (insulation) is made in different colors.
It is necessary to break the cables into groups. For switches with one and two keys, this will be done according to different principles.
If the wiring device with one key is responsible for turning the chandelier on and off, the wires are connected as follows:
- Using the twisting method, interconnect all the zero wires from the horns. The insulation of their cores is usually blue or blue.
- In a similar way, connect all phase wires. The casing of this core is painted in brown, red, white, gray and other colors.
That's all - wire groups are ready for further connection.
If the supply wire for connecting the chandelier has three working cores (L1, L2 and N), the lighting device can be connected to a double switch.
In this case, when disassembling wires from the horns, the number of vein groups increases to three. The first remains zero, and the phase wires must be evenly distributed into two groups - L1 and L2. Subsequently, when connected, they will be dispersed to both keys of the switch.
Stage # 3 - fixing the chandelier to the ceiling
First, it is worth attaching the design of the lighting device using the most suitable method for this.
For installation on concrete surfaces, a hook or a mounting bracket is most often used.
Stage # 4 - phase search and connection
Now it remains to connect the groups of wires to the supply conductors. But color marking cores of home wiring may not always be understandable - sometimes all cores can be painted white. Therefore, before connecting, it is advisable to ring the wires with an indicator screwdriver or a multimeter to determine the phase and zero in the cables.
Phase search with a screwdriver
The indicator screwdriver is convenient in cases where the wiring cable consists of two cores. Checking phase and zero is extremely quick and easy.
To do this, disconnect the line by turning off the corresponding machine, and then clean the edge of the veinsreleasing from isolation about 1-2 cm.
Then spread the veins to the sides to avoid their accidental contact. After turning on the power of the line, take the indicator screwdriver. When the working part of the screwdriver touches the phase wire, the device will give a light signal. If, when interacting with a residential lamp on the screwdriver does not light up, this means that we have a neutral wire.
When ringing the wires with a screwdriver, it is important to remember safety precautions and not to touch the working part of the device and bare wires.
Phase detection with a multimeter
A multimeter will be needed in cases where the cable of the home power supply network, in addition to the phase and zero conductors, has an earth line. Since the indicator screwdriver only reacts to the phase wire, it is impossible to distinguish the neutral conductor from the ground wire with its help.
In this case, you need to use a multimeter by following a few simple steps:
- After determining the phase using a special screwdriver, take a multimeter and turn it on in the mode of measuring voltage from 220 V.
- Connect one probe of the device to the phase wire.
- After that, alternately connect the second probe to the two remaining wires and fix the values issued by the device.
The data obtained should be interpreted as follows:
- if, while connecting the phase and unknown wires, the multimeter signals a voltage of 220 V, then the second wire is zero;
- if the values are significantly lower than the normal voltage indicator in the household electrical network (220 V), then the studied conductor is protective (grounding).
After determining the purpose of all the cores of the wire, you can disconnect the network and proceed to connect the cable of the chandelier.
Connecting the wires of the chandelier
Connecting the cables of the lighting fixture to the power wire is the most critical step in connecting the chandelier.
To connect, it is necessary to connect the prepared groups of wires with the corresponding cores of the cable emerging from the ceiling, which will supply current to the entire structure. Why use PPE caps or Vago terminals.
Special connector caps, which should additionally protect the junction of the cores, are often supplied with a chandelier. To install this part, carefully screw the plastic cap over the twist.
If the manufacturer has not supplemented the complete set with a PPE-cap, it should be purchased separately, since when electrically connecting the lighting device, it is unacceptable to be limited to just twisting. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with connection methods electrical wires.
After these works, carefully place the wires in the base of the chandelier and you can put on the housing cover.
After connecting the wires to the network, the chandelier is fully installed: final fixing of the decorative cover, installation of shades and decorative elements.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
The author of the following video talks about connecting different types of chandeliers and explains how to connect a chandelier from a single switch to a double:
The creator of this video reveals the intricacies of installing a chandelier on a French stretch ceiling:
About the features of connecting and adjusting the LED chandelier with a remote control tells the master installation of lighting fixtures:
Elementary knowledge in the field of electrical installation will make it possible to independently assemble and connect a chandelier even with the most unusual design. But it is important to remember safety precautions and be sure to turn off the power to the line when connecting a lighting fixture.
However, when buying a model with a very complex configuration or if you want to use a switch with three or more keys, you should still contact a professional electrician. The master will be able to correctly distribute the wires and correctly connect the device to the network.
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