Replacing an electric meter in an apartment and in a private house: the specifics of replacing a meter
An accurate calculation of the electricity used by consumers is carried out using a device that records and records the flow. Over time, the electric flow meter fails or becomes obsolete. And here the homeowner is faced with a situation where the replacement of the electric meter becomes inevitable.
We will talk about the legal and technical nuances associated with the installation of a new meter. Together with you, we will figure out in which order the old device should be replaced. We advise what should be done if it is decided to make the replacement with your own hands.
The content of the article:
Reasons for replacing the meter
In practice, the replacement of devices, on the basis of which the calculation of utility bills is carried out, is rare. However, this is faced by all homeowners - both urban apartments and private homes.
Replacement of the device can be carried out by the UK or by the homeowner. Representatives of the management company or the electricity supplier usually make the replacement as planned, notifying owners of apartments or houses in advance. And owners often buy new equipment (or contact the Criminal Code with a request to replace) due to a breakdown of the device.
If, for any reason not known to you, the device has stopped or, on the contrary, has become “spinning” much faster, you need to urgently call a specialist.
Sometimes a little repair is enough, but more often with such a malfunction, they give an opinion on replacing the old electricity meter. According to him, you need to either independently install a new device, or contact the Criminal Code.
Here are some of the replacement reasons you may encounter while using the meter:
What laws to follow?
Almost all answers to questions regarding the installation or replacement of metering devices can be found in the legislative framework. The regulations spell out general provisions and more specific requirements related to the private sector, municipal housing and privatized apartments.
For example, the need to replace faulty equipment can be found in the following documents:
- Federal Law No. 28-F3 of 1996, but amended December 30, 2008;
- Law of the Russian Federation No. 4871-1 of 1993, as amended, January 10, 2003;
- GOST R 52321-2005 - requirements for counters of classes 0.5; 1; 2.
About who is responsible for the property, indicated in Art. 210 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, and on the obligations of the buyer of technical equipment - in Art. 543 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
In the federal law N 102-ФЗ dated 06/26/2008, you can find materials on the unity of measurements, metrological examination and metrological services.
And in the decree of the government of the Russian Federation No. 491 says about who and when should be responsible for the installation or replacement of accounting systems, including meters.
But there are exceptions to the rules set forth in the documents. For example, if a private person expresses a desire to exchange an old serviceable electricity meter in a floor board with a new model, the costs of replacing it will be borne entirely by his shoulders. Nevertheless, further maintenance continues to be performed by the management company.
Who pays and makes a replacement?
Responsible for the acquisition and installation of a new apparatus is a person authorized by agreement with the Criminal Code and the existing provisions of the Housing and Civil Code. However, this takes into account the reason for the replacement, as well as the installation location. For homeowners and renters, the rules are different.
Option # 1 - ownership apartment
Most of the city apartments are owned by citizens - at one time housing was privatized, and the right of ownership was completely transferred to the owners. One or several family members may dispose of the apartment at their discretion, they are also responsible for all technical property located on its area.
The electricity meter installed on the floor site must be changed by the management company, since it relates to common house property. Replacement is required if the device has exhausted its life, is outdated or broken for reasons beyond the control of the consumer.
Responsibility for the replacement lies with the owner of the apartment in three cases:
- if due to his fault the meter breaks down;
- if the contract contains a separate clause of his obligation to replace;
- if on his own initiative he wanted to change the equipment.
Simply put, according to standard agreements, apartment shields are the property of the owners, floor guards are the property of the management company. Accordingly, the owners are responsible for any actions with meters.
But there are exceptions that are prescribed in the contract. Therefore, if you are forced to pay for a new deviceBe sure to read the agreement.
In 2012, a law was passed according to which residents of apartment buildings must independently change meters, regardless of where they are installed. However, the main regulatory document is the contract between the owners and the Criminal Code.
Option # 2 - Municipal Housing
If the apartment is not privatized, and its owner lives under a social loan agreement, all property, including electrical equipment, is the property of the municipality. Consequently, city authorities are responsible for installing or replacing equipment.
However, in practice, there are often situations when a management company or an energy distribution company attracts residents to purchase a new device. This is wrong, as they are temporary employers, users.
A citizen living on municipal meters pays for a meter replacement only in one case - if the device broke due to his fault.
Option # 3 - a private house
Owners of cottages for permanent residence or houses of seasonal visits (cottages), if there is no additional item in the contract with the service organization, almost always bear the cost of replacing the meter themselves.
If you are the owner of the house, you must independently purchase an accounting device and install it. If you plan to do the installation yourself, then commissioning and sealing yourself cannot be done - this should be done by a representative of Energosbyt.
Which one to buy the counter and street box for flow meter, it is better to also ask the specialists of the marketing company, since the device should maximally correspond to the network parameters and installation conditions.
In what order is the replacement?
Regardless of who owns the housing and who is responsible for the meter, the user must adhere to operating rules, monitor the state of the electricity meter and quickly respond to breakdowns.
First, consider how to replace an electric meter installed in an apartment. If it relates to apartment property and is located in apartment boxtherefore, the purchase is paid by the owner, as are installation services. The devices located on the landing are the property of the Criminal Code, it must be changed.
1 step - applying. You can contact the nearest branch of Enegosbyt and with the help of a manager fill out a standard form. You must bring your passport and documents confirming ownership of the apartment with you.
If you do not own the apartment, but only present it, then you will need one more document - a power of attorney certified by a notary.
2 step - checkout. The company sends the electrician to take readings, draw up an act, remove the seal. Assigns the exact time of the visit (usually only the date, but sometimes the hours, for example, from 9.00 to 17.00).
3 step - purchase of an electric meter. It is better to take the list of models suitable for installation also at Energosbyt, having previously consulted on possible tariff plans.
4 step - dismantling the old and installing a new counter. They can be produced both by homeowners and by an invited specialist. However, only the representative of Energosbyt is engaged in commissioning the device, drawing up the act and sealing.
This procedure for replacing the electric meter is also practiced in a private house, since the owner is responsible for the wiring devices installed in the building and on the street.
The reinstallation procedure in different regions may differ, therefore it is better to make a preliminary call to the office of the electricity supplier and specify the plan for further actions.
As you know, cases of fraud, just related to the replacement of electrical equipment, are common. Strangers in overalls come and offer "planned" to replace the counter, and at the same time automatic machines, despite the fact that the devices are in good condition and the service life has not yet expired.
What is the difference between the replacement procedure in municipal housing and floorboards? Since metering devices are the property of the city or the UK is responsible for them, the acquisition and installation is carried out at their expense. The role of the citizen in this case is to respond in time to the breakdown of the device and place a call to the electrician.
If you notice that the seal has been broken, the disk does not spin, or the viewing window is damaged, call the management company right away, otherwise you may be attracted for deliberate damage to property.
According to the rules, carry out repair work, replace the old or installation of a new counter can only an electrician with a 3rd qualification group for electrical safety. The rest is better to use the services of a master from a service company.
It is also necessary to obtain the consent of the supplier company - to submit a written application and wait for a positive response. Without permission, all work will be useless, because the organization simply will not accept an independently installed device into operation.
If permission is on hand, replacement work is carried out in the following order:
- We turn off the machine at the input of electricity into the house - it stands in front of the meter, and not after it.
- Remove the lid of the device, check the absence of voltage in the conductors.
- We disconnect the terminals, for standard 1-phase devices you need to disconnect 4 wires.
- We turn off fixing fixing bolts or weaken holders on a DIN rail.
- We install a new device on an empty seat, make the connection according to the instructions.
Throughout the process, we ensure that no voltage is applied to the line and we use protective clothing - that is, we observe safety precautions.
Some more useful tips:
In order not to get entangled in cables and make further maintenance of wiring devices more convenient, we recommend laying all conductors in bundles, pulling together with bundles or clamps, inserting them into special organizers and marking.
If the meter is operational, you should issue its commissioning and sealing. To do this, write a statement in the name of the supplier and assign a convenient day for everyone.
The inspector checks whether the device is connected correctly, and then draws up the acceptance certificate, where it records the readings of the previous device, device data (type, serial number, etc.). Last of all, he makes a seal. From this moment, payment for electricity is carried out at the selected tariff.
In case of suspicion of incorrect testimony, Energosbyt has the right to establish antimagnetic seal to the electricity meter. The article recommended by us will tell about the lawfulness and the rules of its application.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Video # 1. How is the counter replaced:
Video # 3. Installation example in a private house:
Video # 3. About replacing old meters:
Work related to the replacement of an electricity meter should be carried out by the homeowner or organization responsible for common house property.
The owner of the apartment or house, as well as the tenant of the non-privatized apartment, in any case, are responsible for the proper operation of both the meter itself and the rest of the electrical equipment.
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