Do-it-yourself installation of a satellite dish: detailed instructions for installing and setting up a satellite dish
Satellite dishes in recent years have somewhat lost their relevance to society. The reason is the appearance on the market of digital TV set-top boxes. Nevertheless, this equipment remains in demand, and especially if the population lives outside the urban zone.
It is not a problem to purchase equipment, but installing a satellite dish may well become a serious task with an independent approach to installation. However, the task can be greatly facilitated if you have basic knowledge. We will talk about how the installation is performed using the example of the popular Tricolor system.
The content of the article:
- Potential Master Concepts
- Choosing the right place for equipment
- Step-by-step plate mounting instructions
- How to configure the installed antenna?
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Potential Master Concepts
Even if you deal with a traditional television antenna, and in such cases, installation requires at least minimal knowledge and skills. Satellite equipment is much more complicated in comparison with conventional TV reception.
If for conventional equipment there are two main concepts - cable and plug, a system where reception from the satellite is carried out has a number of technical concepts:
- TV satellite.
- Satellite Antenna
- Multi-feed holder.
Let us consider in more detail each of the constituent elements of satellite equipment.
Tv satellite - The source of the signal to be received by the antenna. Accordingly, in order to receive a constant signal, a constant direction of the antenna to the satellite is necessary.
There are various satellites and different antenna designs, however, the tuning principle is almost the same for everyone.
For this technology of television reception, a satellite dish is used, which is a disk "plate" of different diameters, equipped with a conversion device - converter.
This is a module of small geometric dimensions, usually cylindrical in shape, attached directly to the "front" of the satellite dish.
The disk antenna has a special design, which allows not only to receive a television signal, but also to concentrate and direct it to one point - namely to the converter. It, in fact, is the primary signal amplifier, from which the signal is sent via cable to the receiver.
To fix the module, a special rod holder is used. Device called Multi-feed holder - This is the same holder bar, only slightly modified. Allows you to place multiple converters to work with different satellites.
An arm is, in fact, a mechanical structure that is assembled from component parts and fixed at the proposed installation site of the satellite dish. As a rule, such a place is the wall of the building, less often the roof rafter system.
The electronic module for processing the received television signal, followed by the output of information on the screen of the television receiver, was called receiver.
There are various receiver designs depending on the manufacturer. However, a particular manufacturer, as a rule, completes the equipment taking into account the correspondence of the antenna and the apparatus.
Therefore, any receiver (receiver) to coordinate with any non-native antenna is quite problematic. This point should be taken into account before installing it in the house with your own hands. satellite dish setup under the modern TV.
Choosing the right place for equipment
First of all, you should choose the optimal location of the satellite dish. What should be understood by the term "optimal"? Of course, a completely free area in the direction of the transmitting satellite.
That is, in a given direction excludes the presence of any objects like:
- advertising posters, etc.
It is also recommended to ensure the closest possible proximity of the rest of the equipment (receiver, TV) to the mounting point of the satellite dish. These are not critical requirements, but meeting these requirements will help simplify hardware setup.
Traditionally, "plates" are placed on the wall of the building next to the window opening or installation is done on the side of the wall, which is part of the balcony (loggia) structure.
The instruction prohibits installation directly inside the balcony area, especially glazed.Equipment should also be installed at points where there is no possible rainfall in the form of snow and ice from the roof.
Step-by-step plate mounting instructions
First, it is necessary to complete the assembly of the satellite antenna structure as described in the attached instructions. As a rule, antennas are delivered unassembled. Therefore, the structure should be assembled using the supplied accessories.
Next, consider the step-by-step installation of a satellite dish.
Step # 1 - Antenna Bracket Mount
Again, given the work with a branded product, where all the installation elements and components are designed for the appropriate load, work is underway to install anchor bolts in the wall of the building.
This work is done in a standard way, using a tool for working with concrete. After the introduction of the anchors, a support rod is mounted on the installed anchors, and a metal bracket is mounted on the rod.
Step # 2 - installing the antenna converter
Installation of the signal pre-amplifier - converter is carried out strictly according to the instructions, where all the subtleties of the placement of this component are noted.
Step # 3 - connecting the cable to the converter
At the current stage, the cable, which is usually also included, is connected to the converter module. The connection is carried out using the supplied special connector “F”.
The connection area must be carefully sealed, for example with silicone sealant. The cable from the point of inclusion neatly and effortlessly stretches along the body of the converter holder bar. It is fixed at regular intervals with plastic ties or in another way.
Step # 4 - securing a satellite dish
The prepared “plate” is installed on the bracket, while the adjusting screws do not tighten all the way - they are left loosened.
This approach is necessary for the simple reason that further (after installation) the procedure for fine tuning to the satellite will follow. Accordingly, the "plate" will have to be moved both vertically and horizontally.
Separately, it is worthwhile to instruct on the installation of the F-connector on the coaxial cable. This operation has its own characteristics. The final area of the cable (approximately 15 mm long) must be freed from the first insulating layer.
But you need to remove the insulation taking into account the integrity of the screen braid present under the insulation layer. Then a second layer of insulation is removed over a length of about 10 mm. So the central copper core is freed. Next, a connector is screwed onto the stripped end-stop, passing the copper conductor into the corresponding hole.
How to configure the installed antenna?
Typically, the installation instructions of the "plate" contains a table where the information on the azimuth and angle is indicated - tuning parameters in the direction. Parameters are indicated, as a rule, for the area where large settlements are located.
You should select the nearby territory from the list and take the angle and azimuth parameters for the setting.Then, according to these parameters, set the antenna mirror, moving the "plate" in the vertical and horizontal planes.
This will be a “rough” setting. After which the antenna cable is connected to the receiver, and the receiver, respectively (also through the connecting cable) to the television receiver. Then it remains only to adjust the parameters of the angle and azimuth, achieving the highest quality picture on the TV screen.
Any receiver by default has a service for monitoring the level of the received signal. Using this functionality, it is possible to fine-tune the equipment. However, weather conditions can make adjustments. Therefore, it is recommended to carry out tuning activities under the conditions of a clear cloudless sky.
Having achieved the appearance of a stable, sufficiently strong control signal on the TV screen, the nuts for fastening the mirror on the bracket are screwed to the stop. Equipment on this is considered installed and configured.
Next, they will proceed to normal user viewing using access cards or through free available channels. how tune tuner, select channels and open access - all this is in the user manual.
If a plate is installed in the country for regular viewing of television programs, the signal received by the antenna most often requires improvement due to the considerable remoteness of the repeater. In this situation will help antenna amplifier, whose selection rules will be introduced by our recommended article.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
The video material is shown below, where the home master explains firsthand the details of the installation of the “plate”.
Accordingly, the whole process is filmed on a video camera, so the reader is clearly shown how to do the installation of a satellite dish with their own hands:
Despite the visible and invisible difficulties that appear in the process of installing a satellite “dish”, it is quite possible to do this job with your own hands. The main point is the meticulous collection, processing of relevant information and, of course, a careful study of the accompanying instructions.
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